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Global Prevalence and Major Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy
Longer diabetes duration and poorer glycemic and blood pressure control are strongly associated with DR, and these data highlight the substantial worldwide public health burden of DR and the importance of modifiable risk factors in its occurrence.
Falls and Fear of Falling: Which Comes First? A Longitudinal Prediction Model Suggests Strategies for Primary and Secondary Prevention
- S. M. Friedman, B. Munoz, S. West, Gary S. Rubin, L. Fried
- Political Science, PsychologyJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
- 1 August 2002
The objective was to determine the temporal relationship between falls and fear of falling, and to see whether these two outcomes share predictors.
A simple system for the assessment of trachoma and its complications.
- B. Thylefors, C. Dawson, B. R. Jones, S. West, H. Taylor
- MedicineBulletin of the World Health Organization
A simple grading system for trachoma, based on the presence or absence of five selected "key" signs, has been developed and showed good observer agreement.
Causes of blindness and visual impairment in a population of older Americans: The Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study.
Older Americans had a disproportionate number of blinding diseases, particularly those amenable to eye care intervention, and targeted interventions for specific populations to increase appropriate eye care use would greatly improve vision and function in older Americans.
Polymorphisms in Chlamydia trachomatis tryptophan synthase genes differentiate between genital and ocular isolates.
There is an important host-parasite relationship between chlamydial genital strains and the human host that determines organotropism of infection and the pathophysiology of disease and it is speculated that this relationship involves the production of indole by components of the vaginal microbial flora, allowing chlamydiae to escape IFN-gamma-mediated eradication and thus establish persistent infection.
Prevalence of cataract and pseudophakia/aphakia among adults in the United States.
The number of Americans affected by cataract and undergoingCataract surgery will dramatically increase over the next 20 years as the US population ages.
A prospective, population-based study of the role of visual impairment in motor vehicle crashes among older drivers: the SEE study.
- G. Rubin, Edmond S. W. Ng, K. Bandeen-Roche, P. Keyl, E. Freeman, S. West
- MedicineInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
- 1 April 2007
The results suggest that current vision screening for drivers' licensure, based primarily on visual acuity, may miss important aspects of visual impairment.
Epidemiology of age-related macular degeneration.
Racial variations in causes of vision loss in nursing homes: The Salisbury Eye Evaluation in Nursing Home Groups (SEEING) Study.
Low vision is highly prevalent among nursing home residents, with 37% having visual acuity worse than 20/40 in the better-seeing eye, and Appropriate interventions for nursing homeResidents, who face significant obstacles in accessing eye care services, have the potential to improve the quality of life of this at-risk older population.
The association of multiple visual impairments with self-reported visual disability: SEE project.
- G. Rubin, K. Bandeen-Roche, S. West
- Medicine, PsychologyInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
The analyses indicate that a factor of 2 reduction in visual acuity or contrast sensitivity was associated with a three- to fivefold odds of reporting difficulty with daily tasks, comparable with that observed in mild to moderate lens opacity.