Words as Invitations to Form Categories: Evidence from 12- to 13-Month-Old Infants
The data reveal that a linkage between words and object categories emerges early enough to serve as a guide in infants' efforts to map words to meanings.
Do words facilitate object categorization in 9-month-old infants?
Findings are extended to 9-month-olds and the facilitative effects of words and content-filtered words on object categorization are discussed within a framework describing infants' emerging appreciation of language over the first year of life.
Challenging the notion of a thematic preference in young children.
Children ranging from 2 to 4 years of age revealed no pervasive preference for either thematic or taxonomic relations, which challenges the notion of a developmental shift in conceptual preferences and suggests a more continuous trajectory in early conceptual development.
Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. George Lakoff . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Pp. xvii + 614.
- S. Waxman
- Computer ScienceApplied Psycholinguistics
- 1 December 1989
The role of intonation in computer speech understanding and how a speech-understanding system might use this information are discussed, which is extremely important as the need for knowledge-based computer modeling is well documented by the recent generation of artificial-intelligence researchers.
Word learning is ‘smart’: evidence that conceptual information affects preschoolers' extension of novel words
What paradox? Referential cues allow for infant use of phonetic detail in word learning.
Across 2 experiments, 14-month-old infants used phonetic detail to map novel words to objects when conditions were conducive to word-referent mapping, thus revealing no fundamental discontinuity in its use from speech perception to word learning.
What infants know about syntax but couldn't have learned: experimental evidence for syntactic structure at 18 months
Object names and object functions serve as cues to categories for infants.
Study 2 shows that names can facilitate categorization for 14-month-olds as well when a hint regarding the core meaning of the objects (the function of a single familiarization object) is provided.
Meaning from syntax: Evidence from 2-year-olds