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A prospective study of the risk of tuberculosis among intravenous drug users with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
To determine the risk of active tuberculosis associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, we prospectively studied 520 intravenous drug users enrolled in a methadone-maintenanceExpand
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Hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Pakistan: prevalence and risk factors.
BACKGROUND Pakistan carries one of the world's highest burdens of chronic hepatitis and mortality due to liver failure and hepatocellular carcinomas. However, national level estimates of theExpand
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Virologic and immunologic determinants of heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in Africa.
More than 80% of the world's HIV-infected adults live in sub-Saharan Africa, where heterosexual transmission is the predominant mode of spread. The virologic and immunologic correlates ofExpand
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Combination HIV Prevention: Significance, Challenges, and Opportunities
No single HIV prevention strategy will be sufficient to control the HIV pandemic. However, a growing number of interventions have shown promise in partially protecting against HIV transmission andExpand
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Does severity of HIV disease in HIV-infected mothers affect mortality and morbidity among their uninfected infants?
BACKGROUND Rates of perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission are higher among HIV-infected mothers with more advanced disease, but effects of maternal disease on HIV-uninfectedExpand
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Depressive Symptoms as Predictors of Medical Outcomes in HIV Infection
Objective. —To ascertain whether depressive symptoms as determined by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies—Depression scale (CES-D) predict accelerated mortality and worse medical outcomes inExpand
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A randomized trial of the intrauterine contraceptive device vs hormonal contraception in women who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is effective and safe among women who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virusExpand
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Prevalence and predictors of squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix in HIV-infected women in Lusaka, Zambia.
OBJECTIVES HIV-infected women living in resource-constrained nations like Zambia are now accessing antiretroviral therapy and thus may live long enough for HPV-induced cervical cancer to manifest andExpand
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Expansion of HIV/AIDS in China: lessons from Yunnan Province.
In this article we systematically and critically review the Chinese and English language literature on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related studies in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China.Expand
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Barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence in rural Mozambique
BackgroundHIV is treated as a chronic disease, but high lost-to-follow-up rates and poor adherence to medication result in higher mortality, morbidity, and viral mutation. Within 18 clinical sites inExpand
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