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Estimating animal density using camera traps without the need for individual recognition
A method that eliminates the requirement for individual recognition of animals by modelling the underlying process of contact between animals and cameras is developed, opening the possibility of reduced labour costs for estimating wildlife density and may make estimation possible where it has not been previously. Expand
Mammals on the EDGE: Conservation Priorities Based on Threat and Phylogeny
A simple index is defined that measures the contribution made by different species to phylogenetic diversity and how the index might contribute towards species-based conservation priorities and suggests that global conservation priorities may have to be reassessed in order to prevent a disproportionately large amount of mammalian evolutionary history becoming extinct in the near future. Expand
First human-caused extinction of a cetacean species?
The Yangtze River dolphin or baiji is likely to be extinct, probably due to unsustainable by-catch in local fisheries, which represents the first global extinction of a large vertebrate for over 50 years. Expand
Abundance and conservation status of the Yangtze finless porpoise in the Yangtze River, China
middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, China. It is the only freshwater population of porpoises in the world and is currently listed as Endangered by IUCN. In November and December 2006 weExpand
Ancient proteins resolve the evolutionary history of Darwin’s South American ungulates
Proteomic analysis is applied to screen bone samples of the Late Quaternary South American native ungulate taxa Toxodon and Macrauchenia for phylogenetically informative protein sequences and the resulting consensus tree agrees well with recent higher-level mammalian phylogenies. Expand
Investing in evolutionary history: implementing a phylogenetic approach for mammal conservation
This work evaluates how a composite measure of extinction risk and phylogenetic isolation (EDGE) has been used to prioritize species according to their degree of unique evolutionary history (evolutionary distinctiveness, ED) weighted by conservation urgency (global endangerment, GE). Expand
Evolution Lost: status and trends of the world's vertebrates
This report has been produced by ZSL in collaboration with WWF, IUCN and SSC. It considers for the first time the current status and trends of global vertebrates in the context of human pressures,Expand
Using local ecological knowledge to determine status and threats of the Critically Endangered Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in Hainan, China
Abstract The use of robust ecological data to make evidence-based management decisions for highly threatened species is often limited by data availability, and local ecological knowledge (LEK) isExpand
Rapidly shifting baselines in Yangtze fishing communities and local memory of extinct species.
New evidence of shifting baselines in local perception of regional species declines and on the duration of "community memory" of extinct species is presented on the basis of extensive interviews with fishers in communities across the middle-lower Yangtze basin. Expand
Is local ecological knowledge a useful conservation tool for small mammals in a Caribbean multicultural landscape
It is demonstrated that, despite their elusive nature, both solenodons and hutias can be accurately identified by substantial numbers of respondents in rural communities, demonstrating an important distinction between local ecological knowledge and traditional ecological knowledge. Expand