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Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and
  • Leandra Ziad A Zargar Abdul Niveen M Benjamin Cecilia Robe Abarca-Gómez Abdeen Hamid Abu-Rmeileh Acosta-Cazar, Leandra Abarca-Gómez, +1,022 authors M. Ezzati
  • Medicine
  • The Lancet
  • 16 December 2017
TLDR
Trends in mean BMI have recently flattened in northwestern Europe and the high-income English-speaking and Asia-Pacific regions for both sexes, southwestern Europe for boys, and central and Andean Latin America for girls, and by contrast, the rise in BMI has accelerated in east and south Asia forboth sexes, and southeast Asia for boys. Expand
Association between body-mass index and risk of death in more than 1 million Asians.
TLDR
Underweight was associated with a substantially increased risk of death in all Asian populations, however, the excess risk of died was seen among East Asians but not among Indians and Bangladeshis. Expand
Association analysis identifies 65 new breast cancer risk loci
TLDR
A genome-wide association study of breast cancer in 122,977 cases and 105,974 controls of European ancestry and 14,068 cases and 13,104 controls of East Asian ancestry finds that heritability of Breast cancer due to all single-nucleotide polymorphisms in regulatory features was 2–5-fold enriched relative to the genome- wide average. Expand
Decreased Serum Free Testosterone in Workers Exposed to High Levels of Di-n-butyl Phthalate (DBP) and Di-2-ethylhexyl Phthalate (DEHP): A Cross-Sectional Study in China
TLDR
A modest and significant reduction of serum fT is observed in workers with higher levels of urinary MBP and MEHP compared with unexposed workers, and regression analyses revealed that fT decreases significantly with increasing total phthalate ester score. Expand
Diabetes mellitus and the risk of cancer: results from a large-scale population-based cohort study in Japan.
TLDR
Patients with DM drawn from the general Japanese population may be at increased risk of total cancer and of cancer in specific sites. Expand
Intake of Fish and n3 Fatty Acids and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Among Japanese: The Japan Public Health Center-Based (JPHC) Study Cohort I
TLDR
Compared with a modest fish intake of once a week or ≈20 g/d, a higher intake was associated with substantially reduced risk of coronary heart disease, primarily nonfatal cardiac events, among middle-aged persons. Expand
Plasma isoflavone level and subsequent risk of breast cancer among Japanese women: a nested case-control study from the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study group.
TLDR
This nested case-control study found an inverse association between plasma genistein and the risk of breast cancer in Japan and found no association for plasma daidzein. Expand
Impact of metabolic factors on subsequent cancer risk: results from a large-scale population-based cohort study in Japan
TLDR
In both sexes, the presence of metabolic factors in the aggregate did not predict subsequent occurrence of cancer as a whole, although the association between specific components and specific cancers suggests an etiologic link between them. Expand
Single measurement of serum phospholipid fatty acid as a biomarker of specific fatty acid intake in middle-aged Japanese men
TLDR
Assessment of serum phospholipid fatty acid levels in Japanese suggests that in populations with a high and stable over time intake of n-3 PUFA of marine origin, a single measurement of serumospholipids reflects the ranking of habitual intake of marineorigin n- 3 PUFA. Expand
Folate, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, and Vitamin B2 Intake, Genetic Polymorphisms of Related Enzymes, and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in a Hospital-Based Case-Control Study in Japan
TLDR
The study did not support the existing hypothesis of gene-nutrient interaction in colorectal carcinogenesis and the association of nutrient intake involved in the one-carbon pathway of folate for DNA methylation and DNA synthesis and the related enzyme genetic polymorphisms with coloreCTal cancer. Expand
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