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Reconstruction of genomic rearrangements in great apes and gibbons by chromosome painting.
TLDR
This work used chromosomal in situ suppression hybridization of all human chromosome-specific DNA libraries to "paint" the chromosomes of primates and establish homologies between the human, great ape, and gibbon karyotypes.
Low-Pass DNA Sequencing of 1200 Sardinians Reconstructs European Y-Chromosome Phylogeny
TLDR
A putative age for coalescence of ~180,000 to 200,000 years ago is calculated, which is consistent with previous mitochondrial DNA–based estimates and indicates the presumptive timing of coalescence with other human populations.
The peopling of Europe and the cautionary tale of Y chromosome lineage R-M269
TLDR
Analysis of frequency patterns and diversity in the largest collection of R-M269-related chromosomes yet assembled reveals no geographical trends in diversity, in contradiction to expectation under the Neolithic hypothesis, and suggests an alternative explanation for the apparent cline in diversity recently described.
Y chromosome genetic variation in the Italian peninsula is clinal and supports an admixture model for the Mesolithic-Neolithic encounter.
TLDR
The results support a male demic diffusion model, even if population replacement was not complete and the degree of Neolithic admixture with Mesolithic inhabitants was different in different areas of Italy.
Variation of female and male lineages in sub-Saharan populations: the importance of sociocultural factors.
TLDR
The role of polyginy and patrilocality is sustained by the evidence of a differential pressure of genetic drift and gene flow on maternal and paternal lineages of food producers and hunter-gatherers that is revealed through the analysis of mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal intrapopulational variation.
On the origins and admixture of Malagasy: new evidence from high-resolution analyses of paternal and maternal lineages.
TLDR
This paper fits the Malagasy admixture history in a highly resolved phylogeographic framework by typing a large set of mitochondrial DNA and Y DNA markers in unrelated individuals from inland and coastal ethnic groups, allowing performance of a multilevel analysis in which the diversity among main ethnic divisions, lineage ancestries, and modes of inheritance could be concurrently evaluated.
mtDNA variability in two Bantu-speaking populations (Shona and Hutu) from Eastern Africa: implications for peopling and migration patterns in sub-Saharan Africa.
TLDR
The results indicate that the Shona and Hutu are closely related to the other Bantu-speaking populations, however, there are some differences in haplogroup composition between the two populations, mainly due to different genetic contributions from neighboring populations.
Peopling of three Mediterranean islands (Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily) inferred by Y-chromosome biallelic variability.
TLDR
The results identify possible ancestral continental sources of the various island populations and underscore the influence of founder effect and genetic drift.
Clinal patterns of human Y chromosomal diversity in continental Italy and Greece are dominated by drift and founder effects.
TLDR
It is concluded that local founder or drift effects are the main determinants in shaping the microgeographic Y chromosomal diversity in Italy and Greece.
Y chromosomal haplogroup J as a signature of the post-neolithic colonization of Europe
TLDR
Dating estimates confirmed the presence of a major population structuring at the time of spread of haplogroup J in Europe and a punctuation in the peopling of this continent in the post-Neolithic, compatible with the expansion of the Greek world.
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