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Principles and features of Single Photon Avalanche Diode Arrays
This is the first of two serial papers dealing on single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) topics. Aim of the series is to discuss in depth the design and fabrication of our SPAD-A array system forExpand
CMOS Imager With 1024 SPADs and TDCs for Single-Photon Timing and 3-D Time-of-Flight
We present a CMOS imager consisting of 32×32 smart pixels, each one able to detect single photons in the 300-900 nm wavelength range and to perform both photon-counting and photon-timing operationsExpand
A High-Linearity, 17 ps Precision Time-to-Digital Converter Based on a Single-Stage Vernier Delay Loop Fine Interpolation
A time-to-digital converter architecture capable of reaching high-precision and high-linearity with moderate area occupation per measurement channel with a couple of two-stage interpolators that exploit the cyclic sliding scale technique in order to improve the conversion linearity. Expand
SPICE modeling of single photon avalanche diodes
Abstract In this paper we present a comprehensive circuit model for single photon avalanche diodes (SPADs), implemented into two different CAD circuit simulation environments (PSpice and Spectre),Expand
SPAD Figures of Merit for Photon-Counting, Photon-Timing, and Imaging Applications: A Review
Single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) emerged as the most suitable photodetectors for both single-photon counting and photon-timing applications. Different complementary metal-oxide-semiconductorExpand
Low-noise and large-area CMOS SPADs with timing response free from slow tails
  • D. Bronzi, F. Villa, +8 authors U. Paschen
  • Materials Science, Computer Science
  • Proceedings of the European Solid-State Device…
  • 12 November 2012
The design and the characterization of Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes fabricated in a standard 0.35 μm CMOS technology aimed at very low noise and sharp timing response and results show uniform breakdown voltage among different structures. Expand
Two-Dimensional SPAD Imaging Camera for Photon Counting
Many demanding photonic applications require the acquisition of images at very low light-level conditions and at high speed. Advanced imagers available on the market are generally not able to provideExpand
Variable-load quenching circuit for single-photon avalanche diodes.
A compact 50 microm x 100 microm cell for single-photon detection, based on a new circuitry monolithically integrated together with a 20 microm-diameter CMOS Single-Photon Avalanche Diode (SPAD), which enables the development of large-dimension dense arrays of SPADs for two-dimensional imaging. Expand
Fast Sensing and Quenching of CMOS SPADs for Minimal Afterpulsing Effects
We present a single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) front-end circuitry, in a cost-effective 0.35 μm CMOS technology, for single-photon detection in the visible wavelength range, aimed at speeding upExpand
100 000 Frames/s 64 × 32 Single-Photon Detector Array for 2-D Imaging and 3-D Ranging
We report on the design and characterization of a multipurpose 64 × 32 CMOS single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) array. The chip is fabricated in a high-voltage 0.35-μm CMOS technology and consistsExpand