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Uncertainty estimates in regional and global observed temperature changes: A new data set from 1850
[1] The historical surface temperature data set HadCRUT provides a record of surface temperature trends and variability since 1850. A new version of this data set, HadCRUT3, has been produced,Expand
Improved Analyses of Changes and Uncertainties in Sea Surface Temperature Measured In Situ since the Mid-Nineteenth Century: The HadSST2 Dataset
Abstract A new flexible gridded dataset of sea surface temperature (SST) since 1850 is presented and its uncertainties are quantified. This analysis [the Second Hadley Centre Sea Surface TemperatureExpand
The second Hadley Centre coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM: model description, spinup and validation
Abstract. This study describes a new coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model (OAGCM) developed for studies of climate change and results from a hindcast experiment. The model includesExpand
High-resolution palaeoclimatic records for the last millennium: interpretation, integration and comparison with General Circulation Model control-run temperatures
Palaeoclimatology provides our only means of assessing climatic variations before the beginning of instrumental records. The various proxy variables used, however, have a number of limitations whichExpand
Anthropogenic climate change for 1860 to 2100 simulated with the HadCM3 model under updated emissions scenarios
Abstract. In this study we examine the anthropogenically forced climate response over the historical period, 1860 to present, and projected response to 2100, using updated emissions scenarios and anExpand
The internal climate variability of HadCM3, a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments
Abstract We examine the internal climate variability of a 1000 year long integration of the third version of the Hadley Centre coupled model (HadCM3). The model requires no flux adjustment, needs noExpand
Checking for model consistency in optimal fingerprinting
A simple consistency check based on standard linear regression is proposed which can be applied to both the space-time and frequency domain approaches to optimal detection and demonstrated to the problem of detection and attribution of anthropogenic signals in the radiosonde-based record of recent trends in atmospheric vertical temperature structure. Expand
External control of 20th century temperature by natural and anthropogenic forcings.
A comparison of observations with simulations of a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model shows that both natural and anthropogenic factors have contributed significantly to 20th centuryExpand
Evaluation of the North Atlantic Oscillation as simulated by a coupled climate model
Abstract The realism of the Hadley Centre’s coupled climate model (HadCM2) is evaluated in terms of its simulation of the winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), a major natural mode of the NorthernExpand
European climate response to tropical volcanic eruptions over the last half millennium
[1] We analyse the winter and summer climatic signal following 15 major tropical volcanic eruptions over the last half millennium based on multi-proxy reconstructions for Europe. During the first andExpand