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Photoinhibition of photosystem II under environmental stress.
Inhibition of the activity of photosystem II (PSII) under strong light is referred to as photoinhibition. This phenomenon is due to an imbalance between the rate of photodamage to PSII and the rateExpand
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How do environmental stresses accelerate photoinhibition?
Environmental stress enhances the extent of photoinhibition, a process that is determined by the balance between the rate of photodamage to photosystem II (PSII) and the rate of its repair. RecentExpand
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Photoprotection in plants: a new light on photosystem II damage.
Sunlight damages photosynthetic machinery, primarily photosystem II (PSII), and causes photoinhibition that can limit plant photosynthetic activity, growth and productivity. The extent ofExpand
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Two-step mechanism of photodamage to photosystem II: step 1 occurs at the oxygen-evolving complex and step 2 occurs at the photochemical reaction center.
Under strong light, photosystem II (PSII) of oxygenic photosynthetic organisms is inactivated, and this phenomenon is called photoinhibition. In a widely accepted model, photoinhibition is induced byExpand
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Coral bleaching: the role of the host.
Coral bleaching caused by global warming is one of the major threats to coral reefs. Very recently, research has focused on the possibility of corals switching symbionts as a means of adjusting toExpand
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How Does Cyclic Electron Flow Alleviate Photoinhibition in Arabidopsis?1[W][OA]
Cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I has a role in avoiding photoinhibition of photosystem II (PSII), which occurs under conditions in which the rate of photodamage to PSII exceeds theExpand
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Repair machinery of symbiotic photosynthesis as the primary target of heat stress for reef-building corals.
In a coral-algae symbiotic system, heat-dependent photoinhibition of photosystem II (PSII) leads to coral bleaching. When the reef-building coral Acropora digitifera was exposed to light, a moderateExpand
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Impairment of the Photorespiratory Pathway Accelerates Photoinhibition of Photosystem II by Suppression of Repair But Not Acceleration of Damage Processes in Arabidopsis1[W][OA]
Oxygenation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate catalyzed by Rubisco produces glycolate-2-P. The photorespiratory pathway, which consists of photorespiratory carbon and nitrogen cycles, metabolizesExpand
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Heat stress causes inhibition of the de novo synthesis of antenna proteins and photobleaching in cultured Symbiodinium
Coral bleaching, caused by heat stress, is accompanied by the light-induced loss of photosynthetic pigments in in situ symbiotic dinoflagellate algae (Symbiodinium spp.). However, the molecularExpand
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Different thermal sensitivity of the repair of photodamaged photosynthetic machinery in cultured Symbiodinium species
Coral bleaching caused by heat stress is accompanied by photoinhibition, which occurs under conditions where the rate of photodamage to photosystem II (PSII) exceeds the rate of its repair, in theExpand
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