• Publications
  • Influence
Decrease in Anogenital Distance among Male Infants with Prenatal Phthalate Exposure
TLDR
The hypothesis that prenatal phthalate exposure at environmental levels can adversely affect male reproductive development in humans is supported. Expand
Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends
TLDR
Current understanding of the benefits and concerns surrounding the use of plastics are synthesized, and future priorities, challenges and opportunities are looked to. Expand
Trihalomethanes in Drinking Water and Spontaneous Abortion
TLDR
Exposure to trihalomethanes and spontaneous abortion in a prospective study of 5,144 pregnant women in a prepaid health plan was examined and only high bromodichloromethane exposure was associated with spontaneous abortion. Expand
Environmental phthalate exposure in relation to reproductive outcomes and other health endpoints in humans.
  • S. Swan
  • Medicine, Chemistry
  • Environmental research
  • 1 October 2008
TLDR
Many of the findings reported in humans--most of which have been in males--are consistent with the anti-androgenic action that has been demonstrated for several phthalates. Expand
Our plastic age
TLDR
Current and future trends in usage, together with the many benefits that plastics bring to society are described, along with the environmental consequences resulting from the accumulation of waste plastic and the effects of plastic debris on wildlife. Expand
The question of declining sperm density revisited: an analysis of 101 studies published 1934-1996.
TLDR
The average decline in sperm count was virtually unchanged from that reported previously by Carlsen et al. and that the observed trends previously reported for 1938-1990 are also seen in data from 1934-1996. Expand
Concentrations of Urinary Phthalate Metabolites Are Associated with Increased Waist Circumference and Insulin Resistance in Adult U.S. Males
TLDR
Investigating phthalate exposure and its associations with abdominal obesity and insulin resistance in adult U.S. men suggested that exposure to these phthalates may contribute to the population burden of obesity, insulin resistance, and related clinical disorders. Expand
Examination of US Puberty-Timing Data from 1940 to 1994 for Secular Trends: Panel Findings
TLDR
It is concluded that altered puberty timing should be considered an adverse effect, although the magnitude of change considered adverse was not assessed and additional analyses of existing puberty-timing data are recommended to examine secular trends and trends in the temporal sequence of pubertal events. Expand
Have sperm densities declined? A reanalysis of global trend data.
TLDR
Detailed reanalysis of data from 61 studies supports a significant decline in sperm density in the United States and Europe and identifies the cause(s) of regional and temporal differences, whether environmental or other. Expand
Bisphenol A Data in NHANES Suggest Longer than Expected Half-Life, Substantial Nonfood Exposure, or Both
TLDR
Overall, BPA levels did not decline rapidly with fasting time in this sample, which suggests substantial nonfood exposure, accumulation in body tissues such as fat, or both. Expand
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