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Field evaluation of four widely used mosquito traps in Central Europe
BackgroundTo monitor adult mosquitoes several trapping devices are available. These are differently constructed and use various mechanisms for mosquito attraction, thus resulting in differentExpand
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Spatial and temporal variation in the abundance of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in nine European countries
BackgroundBiting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV), African horse sickness virus and Schmallenberg virus (SBV). Outbreaks of both BTV andExpand
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Emergence of Culicoides obsoletus group species from farm‐associated habitats in Germany
Biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) may transmit several arboviruses to ruminant livestock. The species of the Obsoletus group are considered to be among the mostExpand
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Distribution of individual members of the mosquito Anopheles maculipennis complex in Germany identified by newly developed real‐time PCR assays
Owing to their role as vectors of malaria parasites, species of the Anopheles maculipennis complex (Diptera: Culicidae) Meigen were intensively studied in the past, but with the disappearance ofExpand
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Effects of temperature and photoperiod on the development of overwintering immature Culicoides chiopterus and C. dewulfi.
In areas with harsh winters, several studies have recorded low numbers - or even zero - adult Culicoides during the winter period followed by a population peak in the subsequent spring. ThisExpand
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The use of Morphometric Wing Characters to Discriminate Female Culex pipiens and Culex torrentium
ABSTRACT: The reliability of the length of wing radial vein r2/3 as a character for the morphological discrimination of the two potential arbovirus vectors Culex pipiens s.s. and Cx. torrentiumExpand
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Impact of flooding on the immature stages of dung-breeding Culicoides in Northern Europe.
In Northern Europe, dung-breeding Culicoides (e.g., Culicoides chiopterus (Meigen 1830) and Culicoides dewulfi (Goetghebuer 1936)) are considered to be important vectors of the Bluetongue virus andExpand
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Impact of freezing on the emergence of Culicoides chiopterus and Culicoides dewulfi from bovine dung.
The emergence of Culicoides chiopterus (Meigen), 1830 and C. dewulfi Goetghebuer, 1936 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from cowpats in northwestern Germany was investigated. In order to investigate theExpand
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Culicoides biting midge density in relation to the position and substrate temperature in a cattle dung heap
Dung heaps offer warm breeding sites, which might be suitable for a continuing development or even emergence at low air temperatures in winter. Therefore, this study collected substrate samples fromExpand
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Assessment of the abundance of Culicoides chiopterus and Culicoides dewulfi in bovine dung: a comparison of larvae extraction techniques and emergence traps.
We compared two larvae extraction methods involving sugar-flotation and an adapted Berlese funnel-extraction with emergence traps. This was done in order to analyse the colonisation of cowpats byExpand
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