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The Big Five Trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives.
2 Taxonomy is always a contentious issue because the world does not come to us in neat little packages (S. Personality has been conceptualized from a variety of theoretical perspectives, and at
Should we trust web-based studies? A comparative analysis of six preconceptions about internet questionnaires.
TLDR
Internet data collection methods, with a focus on self-report questionnaires from self-selected samples, are evaluated and compared with traditional paper-and-pencil methods and it is concluded that Internet methods can contribute to many areas of psychology.
Development of personality in early and middle adulthood: set like plaster or persistent change?
TLDR
Different theories make different predictions about how mean levels of personality traits change in adulthood, and a large sample of adults who completed a Big Five personality measure on the Internet suggested that the Big Five traits are complex phenomena subject to a variety of developmental influences.
Implicit theories of emotion: affective and social outcomes across a major life transition.
TLDR
Using a longitudinal and multimethod design, the authors show that implicit theories of emotion, as distinct from intelligence, are linked to both emotional and social adjustment during the transition to college.
The social costs of emotional suppression: a prospective study of the transition to college.
TLDR
Findings were robustly corroborated across weekly experience reports, self-reports, and peer reports and are consistent with a theoretical framework that defines emotion regulation as a dynamic process shaped by both stable person factors and environmental demands.
Knowing your place: self-perceptions of status in face-to-face groups.
TLDR
The authors argue that individuals' perceptions of their status are highly accurate--that is, they closely match the group's perception of theirstatus--because forming overly positive status self-perceptions can damage individuals' acceptance in a group.
Concepts of Culture and Organisational Analysis: A Perspective
The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to certain aspects of organisational culture on Edgar Schein's perspective. It is assumed that free market economy evolves a competitive environment
How self-evaluations relate to being liked by others: integrating sociometer and attachment perspectives.
TLDR
Both anxious and avoidant attachment predicted lower self-evaluations, and anxious attachment predicted stronger reactions to others' liking, which supported the sociometer theory: Being liked by others led to more positive self- evaluates.
Optimism in close relationships: How seeing things in a positive light makes them so.
TLDR
In a longitudinal study of dating couples, optimists and their partners saw each other as engaging more constructively during the conflict, which led both partners to feel that the conflict was better resolved 1 week later.
Perceiving others' personalities: examining the dimensionality, assumed similarity to the self, and stability of perceiver effects.
TLDR
Findings indicated that perceiver effects were better described by a differentiated, multidimensional structure with both trait-specific content and a higher order global evaluation factor.
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