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Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model
Results from a fully coupled, three-dimensional carbon–climate model are presented, indicating that carbon-cycle feedbacks could significantly accelerate climate change over the twenty-first century. Expand
Response of ocean ecosystems to climate warming
[1] We examine six different coupled climate model simulations to determine the ocean biological response to climate warming between the beginning of the industrial revolution and 2050. We useExpand
Global fields of sea surface dimethylsulfide predicted from chlorophyll, nutrients and light
Abstract The major difficulty in estimating global sea–air fluxes of dimethylsulphide (DMS) is in interpolating measured seawater DMS concentrations to create seasonally resolved gridded composites.Expand
Simulated glacial and interglacial vegetation across Africa: implications for species phylogenies and trans‐African migration of plants and animals
The paleoenvironmental context of plant and animal species evolution (including glacial migrations and population separations) is based on a very patchy and incomplete paleo-phytogeographic record.Expand
The Carbon Cycle Response to ENSO: A Coupled Climate–Carbon Cycle Model Study
There is significant interannual variability in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) even when the effect of anthropogenic sources has been accounted for. This variability is wellExpand
Climate sensitivity to ocean dimethylsulphide emissions
The production of dimethylsulphide (DMS) by ocean phytoplankton is hypothesized to form part of a feedback process on global climate. Changes in the DMS flux to the atmosphere cause changes toExpand
Modelling vegetation and the carbon cycle as interactive elements of the climate system
Abstract The climate system and the global carbon cycle are tightly coupled. Atmospheric carbon in the form of the radiatively active gases, carbon dioxide and methane, plays a significant role inExpand
A numerical model of mesoscale frontal instabilities and plankton dynamics — I. Model formulation and initial experiments
Previous observational and modelling studies of open ocean frontal regions have found large vertical velocities associated with instabilities on the frontal jet. A combined physical/ecosystemExpand
Contrasting simulated past and future responses of the Amazonian forest to atmospheric change.
  • S. Cowling, R. Betts, +4 authors S. Spall
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society…
  • 29 March 2004
It is speculated that the Amazonian forest is currently near its critical resiliency threshold, and that even minor climate warming may be sufficient to promote deleterious feedbacks on forest integrity. Expand
Inter-annual and inter-seasonal variability of the Orkney wave power resource
The waters surrounding the Orkney archipelago in the north of Scotland are one of the key regions in the world suitable for exploitation of both wave and tidal energy resources. Accordingly, OrkneyExpand