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Ectomycorrhizal fungal succession in mixed temperate forests.
Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities of Douglas-fir and paper birch were studied along a chronosequence of forest development after stand-replacing disturbance, finding simple categories such as 'early stage', 'multi stage', and 'late stage' were insufficient to describe fungal species' successional patterns.
Net transfer of carbon between ectomycorrhizal tree species in the field
- S. Simard, D. A. Perry, Melanie D. Jones, D. Myrold, D. Durall, R. Molina
- Environmental ScienceNature
- 7 August 1997
Different plant species can be compatible with the same species of mycorrhizal fungi, and be connected to one another by a common mycelium,. Transfer of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, through…
Long-term warming alters the composition of Arctic soil microbial communities.
- J. Deslippe, M. Hartmann, S. Simard, W. Mohn
- Environmental ScienceFEMS microbiology ecology
- 1 November 2012
The shifts in soil microbial community structure appear sufficient to account for warming-induced changes in nutrient cycling in Arctic tundra as climate warms.
Mycorrhizal networks: Mechanisms, ecology and modelling
Mycorrhizal networks: a review of their extent, function, and importance
In future, isotopic tracers, morphological observations, microsatellite techniques, and fluorescent dyes will be useful in the study of networks in nature, which have the potential to influence patterns of seedling establishment, interplant competition, and mycorrhizal networks.
Long‐term experimental manipulation of climate alters the ectomycorrhizal community of Betula nana in Arctic tundra
It is suggested that warming profoundly alters nutrient cycling in tundra, and may facilitate the expansion of B. nana through the formation of mycorrhizal networks of larger size, as well as reducing the diversity of ECM communities.
Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes Within and Between Mycorrhizal Plants
Mycorrhizal fungi are involved in the uptake of nutrients in exchange for C from host plants, and possibly in the transfer of C and nutrients between plants. Ecto-mycorrhizal fungi (EMF) increase…
Architecture of the wood-wide web: Rhizopogon spp. genets link multiple Douglas-fir cohorts.
- Kevin J. Beiler, D. Durall, S. Simard, Sheri A. Maxwell, A. Kretzer
- Environmental ScienceThe New phytologist
A strong positive relationship was found between tree size and connectivity, resulting in a scale-free network architecture with small-world properties that suggests an efficient and robust network, where large trees play a foundational role in facilitating conspecific regeneration and stabilizing the ecosystem.
Effects of clearcut logging and tree species composition on the diversity and community composition of epigeous fruit bodies formed by ectomycorrhizal fungi
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of stand age and tree species composition on the abundance, diversity, and community composition of epigeous fruit bodies formed by ectomycorr...
Access to mycorrhizal networks and roots of trees: importance for seedling survival and resource transfer.
- François P. Teste, S. Simard, D. Durall, R. Guy, Melanie D. Jones, Amanda Schoonmaker
- Environmental ScienceEcology
- 1 October 2009
The results demonstrate that MNs and mycorrhizal roots of trees may be ecologically important for natural regeneration in dry forests, but it is still uncertain whether resource transfer is an important mechanism underlying seedling establishment.