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Genes and Enzymes Involved in Bacterial Oxidation and Reduction of Inorganic Arsenic
  • S. Silver, L. Phung
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology
  • 1 February 2005
The human use of toxic heavy metals is here to stay. In addition to intentional poisoning with arsenic ([40][1]) (arsenic levels in the hair of Napoleon Bonaparte approached 40 ppm, more than 1,000Expand
  • 467
  • 46
Bacterial silver resistance: molecular biology and uses and misuses of silver compounds.
  • S. Silver
  • Biology, Medicine
  • FEMS microbiology reviews
  • 1 June 2003
Resistance to silver compounds as determined by bacterial plasmids and genes has been defined by molecular genetics. Silver resistance conferred by the Salmonella plasmid pMGH100 involves nine genesExpand
  • 1,105
  • 45
Microbial arsenic: from geocycles to genes and enzymes.
Arsenic compounds have been abundant at near toxic levels in the environment since the origin of life. In response, microbes have evolved mechanisms for arsenic resistance and enzymes that oxidizeExpand
  • 594
  • 39
  • PDF
Bacterial heavy metal resistance: new surprises.
Bacterial plasmids encode resistance systems for toxic metal ions including Ag+, AsO2-, AsO4(3-), Cd2+, CO2+, CrO4(2-), Cu2+, Hg2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Sb3+, TeO3(2-), Tl+, and Zn2+. In addition toExpand
  • 1,140
  • 35
A bacterial view of the periodic table: genes and proteins for toxic inorganic ions
  • S. Silver, L. Phung
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of Industrial Microbiology and…
  • 17 August 2005
Essentially all bacteria have genes for toxic metal ion resistances and these include those for Ag+, AsO2−, AsO43−, Cd2+, Co2+, CrO42−, Cu2+, Hg2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, TeO32−, Tl+ and Zn2+. The largest groupExpand
  • 407
  • 28
Molecular basis for resistance to silver cations in Salmonella
Here we report the genetic and proposed molecular basis for silver resistance in pathogenic microorganisms. The silver resistance determinant from a hospital burn ward Salmonella plasmid containsExpand
  • 392
  • 26
Bacterial resistances to toxic metal ions--a review.
Bacterial plasmids encode resistance systems for toxic metal ions, including Ag+, AsO2-, AsO4(3-), Cd2+, Co2+, CrO4(2-), Cu2+, Hg2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Sb3+, TeO3(2-), Tl+ and Zn2+. The function of mostExpand
  • 607
  • 20
Ion efflux systems involved in bacterial metal resistances
  • D. Nies, S. Silver
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of Industrial Microbiology
  • 1 February 1995
SummaryStudying metal ion resistances gives us important insights into environmental processes and provides an understanding of basic living processes. This review concentrates on bacterial effluxExpand
  • 419
  • 18
Cadmium resistance from Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pI258 cadA gene results from a cadmium-efflux ATPase.
Cadmium resistance specified by the cadA determinant of Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pI258 results from the functioning of a cadmium-efflux system. In the nucleotide sequence of the DNA fragmentExpand
  • 297
  • 18
Resistance to arsenic compounds in microorganisms.
Arsenic ions, frequently present as environmental pollutants, are very toxic for most microorganisms. Some microbial strains possess genetic determinants that confer resistance. In bacteria, theseExpand
  • 304
  • 18
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