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Ecological momentary assessment.
Assessment in clinical psychology typically relies on global retrospective self-reports collected at research or clinic visits, which are limited by recall bias and are not well suited to address howExpand
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Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) in studies of substance use.
  • S. Shiffman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological assessment
  • 1 December 2009
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is particularly suitable for studying substance use, because use is episodic and thought to be related to mood and context. This article reviews EMA methods inExpand
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The nicotine dependence syndrome scale: a multidimensional measure of nicotine dependence.
We report the development of a new multidimensional questionnaire to measure nicotine dependence, based on Edwards's syndromal conceptualization of dependence. We present three studies. In study 1,Expand
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Equivalence of electronic and paper-and-pencil administration of patient-reported outcome measures: a meta-analytic review.
OBJECTIVES Patient-reported outcomes (PROs; self-report assessments) are increasingly important in evaluating medical care and treatment efficacy. Electronic administration of PROs via computer isExpand
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First lapses to smoking: within-subjects analysis of real-time reports.
Studies of smoking relapse and temptation episodes have relied on retrospective recall and confounded between- and within-subject variability. Real-time data on temptations and lapses to smoke wereExpand
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Attentional bias predicts outcome in smoking cessation.
Most attempts to quit smoking end in failure, with many quitters relapsing in the first few days. Responses to smoking-related cues may precipitate relapse. A modified emotional Stroop task-whichExpand
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The measurement of drug craving.
This paper reviews theoretical and methodological issues in the measurement of drug craving, with an emphasis on self-report assessment. Despite the important role that craving plays in many researchExpand
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Use of smoking-cessation treatments in the United States.
BACKGROUND Health promotion efforts encourage smokers to quit and to use effective cessation treatments. Randomized controlled trials demonstrate that medications and behavioral treatments improveExpand
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Immediate antecedents of cigarette smoking: an analysis from ecological momentary assessment.
The authors assessed the association between smoking and situational cues, including affect, in real-world contexts. Using ecological momentary assessment, 304 smokers monitored ad-lib smoking for 1Expand
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