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Varieties of groups and the perception of group entitativity.
- B. Lickel, D. Hamilton, G. Wieczorkowska, A. Lewis, S. Sherman, A. N. Uhles
- Journal of personality and social psychology
Three studies examined perceptions of the entitativity of groups. In Study 1 (U.S.) and Study 2 (Poland), participants rated a sample of 40 groups on 8 properties of groups (e.g., size, duration,… Expand
The Mental Simulation of Better and Worse Possible Worlds
Counterfactual thinking involves the imagination of non-factual alternatives to reality. We investigated the spontaneous generation of both upward counterfactuals, which improve on reality, and… Expand
On the self-erasing nature of errors of prediction.
- S. Sherman
- 1 August 1980
Perceiving persons and groups.
This article analyzes the similarities and differences in forming impressions of individuals and in developing conceptions of groups. In both cases, the perceiver develops a mental conception of the… Expand
On the consequences of priming: Assimilation and contrast effects
Abstract Two experiments investigated the effects of priming (activation of a category by unobtrusive exposure to exemplars of that category) on subsequent judgments in an unrelated task. Subjects… Expand
Imagination inflation: Imagining a childhood event inflates confidence that it occurred
- M. Garry, Charles G. Manning, E. Loftus, S. Sherman
- Psychology, Medicine
- Psychonomic bulletin & review
- 1 June 1996
Counterfactual imaginings are known to have far-reaching implications. In the present experiment, we ask if imagining events from one’s past can affect memory for childhood events. We draw on the… Expand
The natural history of cigarette smoking from adolescence to adulthood in a midwestern community sample: multiple trajectories and their psychosocial correlates.
- L. Chassin, Clark C. Presson, S. Pitts, S. Sherman
- Psychology, Medicine
- Health psychology : official journal of the…
- 1 May 2000
Previous research on the natural history of smoking has focused on overall group trajectories without considering the possibility of risk subgroup variation. To address this limitation, the authors… Expand
Changes in peer and parent influence during adolescence: Longitudinal versus cross-sectional perspectives on smoking initiation.
The current study used a longitudinal design to investigate age-related changes in the magnitude of peer and parent influences on adolescent cigarette smoking. Both peer and parent influences were… Expand
Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Cigarette Smoking: the Effects of Context and Motivation
Two studies examined the effects of context and motivational state on two implicit measures of attitudes toward smoking (priming [Fazio, Jackson, Dunton, & Williams, 1996] and the Implicit… Expand
Attitude accessibility, attitude-behavior consistency, and the strength of the object-evaluation association
Abstract Two experiments were conducted in order to examine the accessibility of attitudes from memory as a function of the manner of attitude formation. The findings of the first experiment… Expand