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Varieties of groups and the perception of group entitativity.
Three studies examined perceptions of the entitativity of groups. In Study 1 (U.S.) and Study 2 (Poland), participants rated a sample of 40 groups on 8 properties of groups (e.g., size, duration,Expand
The Mental Simulation of Better and Worse Possible Worlds
Counterfactual thinking involves the imagination of non-factual alternatives to reality. We investigated the spontaneous generation of both upward counterfactuals, which improve on reality, andExpand
Perceiving persons and groups.
This article analyzes the similarities and differences in forming impressions of individuals and in developing conceptions of groups. In both cases, the perceiver develops a mental conception of theExpand
On the consequences of priming: Assimilation and contrast effects
Abstract Two experiments investigated the effects of priming (activation of a category by unobtrusive exposure to exemplars of that category) on subsequent judgments in an unrelated task. SubjectsExpand
Imagination inflation: Imagining a childhood event inflates confidence that it occurred
Counterfactual imaginings are known to have far-reaching implications. In the present experiment, we ask if imagining events from one’s past can affect memory for childhood events. We draw on theExpand
The natural history of cigarette smoking from adolescence to adulthood in a midwestern community sample: multiple trajectories and their psychosocial correlates.
Previous research on the natural history of smoking has focused on overall group trajectories without considering the possibility of risk subgroup variation. To address this limitation, the authorsExpand
Changes in peer and parent influence during adolescence: Longitudinal versus cross-sectional perspectives on smoking initiation.
The current study used a longitudinal design to investigate age-related changes in the magnitude of peer and parent influences on adolescent cigarette smoking. Both peer and parent influences wereExpand
Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Cigarette Smoking: the Effects of Context and Motivation
Two studies examined the effects of context and motivational state on two implicit measures of attitudes toward smoking (priming [Fazio, Jackson, Dunton, & Williams, 1996] and the ImplicitExpand
Attitude accessibility, attitude-behavior consistency, and the strength of the object-evaluation association
Abstract Two experiments were conducted in order to examine the accessibility of attitudes from memory as a function of the manner of attitude formation. The findings of the first experimentExpand