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Mindfulness : A proposed operational definition
There has been substantial interest in mindfulness as an approach to reduce cognitive vulnerability to stress and emotional distress in recent years. However, thus far mindfulness has not been
Mechanisms of mindfulness.
A model of mindfulness is proposed, in an effort to elucidate potential mechanisms to explain how mindfulness affects positive change and potential implications and future directions for the empirical study of mechanisms involved in mindfulness are addressed.
The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: development and validation.
A self-report mindfulness measure, the Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS), developed and validated is a promising measure of the mindfulness state with good psychometric properties and predictive of treatment outcome.
A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation training: Effects on distress, positive states of mind, rumination, and distraction
The data suggest that compared with a no-treatment control, brief training in mindfulness meditation or somatic relaxation reduces distress and improves positive mood states, and mindfulness meditation may be specific in its ability to reduce distractive and ruminative thoughts and behaviors.
Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students
Participation in the 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention can effectively reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, and increase scores on overall empathy levels.
Teaching Self-Care to Caregivers: Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on the Mental Health of Therapists in Training
Preparation for the role of therapist can occur on both professional and personal levels. Research has found that therapists are at risk for occupationally related psychological problems. It follows
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Health Care Professionals: Results From a Randomized Trial
Results from this prospective randomized controlled pilot study suggest that an 8-week MBSR intervention may be effective for reducing stress and increasing quality of life and self-compassion in health care professionals.
Mental balance and well-being: building bridges between Buddhism and Western psychology.
The nature of mental well-being is discussed and an innovative model of how to attain such well- being through the cultivation of four types of mental balance is presented: conative, attentional, cognitive, and affective.
Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: A randomized clinical trial.
The MBSR group showed a higher percentage of diagnostic improvement over the 5-month study period and significant increases in global assessment of functioning scores relative to controls, as rated by condition-naïve clinicians.
Cultivating mindfulness: effects on well-being.
Preliminary evidence is offered that at least one aspect of mindfulness, measured by the Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale (MAAS), can be cultivated and does mediate positive outcomes and distinct meditation-based practices can increase mindfulness.