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Climate Change and Bark Beetles of the Western United States and Canada: Direct and Indirect Effects
TLDR
A synthesis of climate change effects on native bark beetles, important mortality agents of conifers in western North America, is provided and a movement of temperature suitability to higher latitudes and elevations is suggested. Expand
A review of the chemical ecology of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera)
Summary.This review summarizes the literature related to the chemical ecology of the Cerambycidae and provides a brief overview of cerambycid biology, ecology, economic significance, and management.Expand
Pine monoterpenes and pine bark beetles: a marriage of convenience for defense and chemical communication
TLDR
In the California fivespined ips, Ips paraconfusus, a number of cytochome P450 genes that have expression patterns indicating that they may be involved in detoxifying monoterpene secondary metabolites and/or biosynthesizing pheromone components are discovered. Expand
Insect pheromones--an overview of biosynthesis and endocrine regulation.
TLDR
A molecular level understanding of the regulation of insect pheromone biosynthesis is in its infancy, and in the male California fivespined ips, Ips paraconfusus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), JH III acts at the transcriptional level by increasing the abundance of mRNA for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, a key enzyme in de novo isoprenoid aggregation pheromsynthesis. Expand
Susceptibility of Walnut and Hickory Species to Geosmithia morbida.
TLDR
The authors' inoculation studies with G. morbida have corroborated many of the field observations on susceptibility of walnut and hickory species to TCD, although the ability of the WTB to successfully attack and breed in walnut is also an important component in TCD resistance. Expand
SEMIOCHEMICALS FROM THREE SPECIES OF PITYOPHTHORUS (COLEOPTERA: SCOLYTIDAE): IDENTIFICATION AND FIELD RESPONSE
TLDR
Pityol is shown to be an aggregation pheromone component for P. carmeli and may also function as a synomone that decreases competition of P. setosus and as a kairomone for L. pertenuis. Expand
Previously unrecorded damage to oak, Quercus spp., in southern California by the goldspotted oak borer, Agrilus coxalis Waterhouse (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
TLDR
A survey of forest stand conditions at three sites in this area, 67% of the Quercus trees were found with external or internal evidence of A. coxalis attack, and similarities in the behavior and impact of this species with other tree-killing Agrilus spp. Expand
BIOSYNTHESIS OF CONIFEROPHAGOUS BARK BEETLE PHEROMONES AND CONIFER ISOPRENOIDS: EVOLUTIONARY PERSPECTIVE AND SYNTHESIS
TLDR
This synthesis reveals and evaluates the evolutionary redundancy occurring in the biochemical systems of the insect and host and compares monoterpenoid pheromone biosynthesis in scolytids with monoterpene biosynthesisation in conifers. Expand
Frontalin: De novo biosynthesis of an aggregation pheromone component by Dendroctonus spp. bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).
TLDR
Mevalonate is the key intermediate in the isoprenoid pathway, and its incorporation (as mevalonolactone) into frontalin provides compelling evidence that the biosynthesis of frontalin involves that pathway in some form. Expand
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