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Universals in the Content and Structure of Values: Theoretical Advances and Empirical Tests in 20 Countries
Publisher Summary This chapter addresses the universals in the content and structure of values, concentrating on the theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries, and its four basicExpand
Are There Universal Aspects in the Structure and Contents of Human Values
This article presents a theory of potentially universal aspects in the content of human values. Ten types of values are distinguished by their motivational goals. The theory also postulates aExpand
Normative Influences on Altruism
Publisher Summary Central to the theoretical model of personal normative influences on altruism presented in this chapter is the idea that altruistic behavior is causally influenced by feelings ofExpand
An Overview of the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values
This article presents an overview of the Schwartz theory of basic human values. It discusses the nature of values and spells out the features that are common to all values and what distinguishes oneExpand
Extending the Cross-Cultural Validity of the Theory of Basic Human Values with a Different Method of Measurement
Several studies demonstrate that Schwartz’s (1992) theory of human values is valid in cultures previously beyond its range. We measured the 10 value constructs in the theory with the Portrait ValuesExpand
A Theory of Cultural Values and Some Implications for Work
On presente dans cet article une theorie des categories de valeurs a partir desquelles les cultures peuvent etre comparees; cette theorie est validee grâce a des donnees en provenance de 49 pays duExpand
A Theory Of Cultural Value Orientations: Explication And Applications
This article presents a theory of seven cultural value orientations that form three cultural value dimensions. This theory permits more finely tuned characterization of cultures than other theories.Expand
Refining the theory of basic individual values.
We propose a refined theory of basic individual values intended to provide greater heuristic and explanatory power than the original theory of 10 values (Schwartz, 1992). The refined theory moreExpand
Toward A Universal Psychological Structure of Human Values
We constructed a theory of the universal types of values as criteria by viewing values as cognitive representations of three universal requirements: (a) biological needs, (b) interactionalExpand