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An update on the health effects of tomato lycopene.
- Erica N Story, R. Kopec, S. Schwartz, G. Harris
- BiologyAnnual review of food science and technology
- 4 March 2010
Although promising data from epidemiological, as well as cell culture and animal, studies suggest that lycopenes and the consumption of lycopene containing foods may affect cancer or cardiovascular disease risk, more clinical trial data is needed to support this hypothesis.
Sulforaphane, a Dietary Component of Broccoli/Broccoli Sprouts, Inhibits Breast Cancer Stem Cells
Findings support the use of sulforaphane for the chemoprevention of breast cancer stem cells and warrant further clinical evaluation.
Impact of fatty acyl composition and quantity of triglycerides on bioaccessibility of dietary carotenoids.
- T. Huo, M. Ferruzzi, S. Schwartz, M. Failla
- Chemistry, MedicineJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
- 10 October 2007
The results suggest that the amount of TG in a typical meal does not limit the bioaccessibility of carotenoids and that fatty acyl chain length has limited if any impact on carotanoid uptake by small intestinal epithelial cells.
Carotenoid absorption from salad and salsa by humans is enhanced by the addition of avocado or avocado oil.
- Nuray Z Unlu, T. Bohn, S. Clinton, S. Schwartz
- Chemistry, MedicineThe Journal of nutrition
- 1 March 2005
Adding avocado fruit can significantly enhance carotenoid absorption from salad and salsa, which is attributed primarily to the lipids present in avocado.
Lycopene Stability During Food Processing
Experimental results indicate that in contrast to β-carotene, lycopene remained relatively resistant to heat-induced geometrical conversion during typical food processing of tomatoes and related products, and suggest that while Lycopene is stable in the tomato matrix, sample handling techniques should be carefully evaluated to minimize the formation of lycopenes cis isomers in organic solutions.
Handbook of food analytical chemistry: pigments, colorants, flavors, texture, and bioactive food components.
VOLUME 2. Preface. Foreword to Current Protocols in Food Analytical Chemistry. Contributors. F: PIGMENTS AND COLORANTS. F1. Anthocyanins. F2. Carotenoids. F3. Miscellaneous Colorants. F4.…
cis-trans lycopene isomers, carotenoids, and retinol in the human prostate.
- S. Clinton, C. Emenhiser, J. Erdman
- ChemistryCancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a…
- 1 October 1996
The hypothesis that lycopene may have direct effects within the prostate and contribute to the reduced prostate cancer risk associated with the reduction in the consumption of tomato-based foods is supported.
Assessment of lutein bioavailability from meals and a supplement using simulated digestion and caco-2 human intestinal cells.
- C. Chitchumroonchokchai, S. Schwartz, M. Failla
- Biology, MedicineThe Journal of nutrition
- 1 September 2004
Data support the use of simulated digestion and the Caco-2 cell model as effective tools for identifying factors affecting absorption of dietary carotenoids.
Lycopene : Chemical and Biological Properties