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The Incidence of Hip Fracture in Four Asian Countries: The Asian Osteoporosis Study (AOS)
It is concluded that there is moderate variation in the incidence of hip fracture among Asian countries, and the rates were highest in urbanized countries.
Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for myopia
Citation information: Pan C‐W, Ramamurthy D & Saw S‐M. Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for myopia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2012, 32, 3‐16. doi: 10.1111/j.1475‐1313.2011.00884.x
Does Education Explain Ethnic Differences in Myopia Prevalence? A Population-Based Study of Young Adult Males in Singapore
There is a high prevalence of myopia in Singapore and education was strongly associated with prevalence and severity, but interethnic variation observed was not fully explained by differences in education level.
A synopsis of the prevalence rates and environmental risk factors for myopia
  • S. Saw
  • Medicine
    Clinical & experimental optometry
  • 1 September 2003
Data suggest that environmental factors may interact with genetic factors to increase the risks of developing myopia and future research is needed to identify specific modifiable lifestyle factors and genetic markers for myopia.
Meta-analysis identifies common variants associated with body mass index in East Asians
A meta-analysis of associations between BMI and approximately 2.4 million SNPs in 27,715 east Asians and three additional loci nearly reached the genome-wide significance threshold may shed light on new pathways involved in obesity and demonstrate the value of conducting genetic studies in non-European populations.
Myopia, lifestyle, and schooling in students of Chinese ethnicity in Singapore and Sydney.
The lower prevalence of myopia in Sydney was associated with increased hours of outdoor activities, and another factor contributing to the differences in the prevalence may be the early educational pressures found in Singapore but not in Sydney.
Role of near work in myopia: findings in a sample of Australian school children.
Although myopia was not significantly associated with time spent in near work after adjustment for other factors, there were significant independent associations with close reading distance and continuous reading.
Myopia and associated pathological complications
The prevalent risks of glaucoma were higher in myopic adults, and risks of chorioretinal abnormalities such as retinal detachment, choriatorinal atrophy and lacquer cracks increased with severity of myopia and greater axial length.