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Wing rotation and the aerodynamic basis of insect flight.
A comprehensive theory incorporating both translational and rotational mechanisms may explain the diverse patterns of wing motion displayed by different species of insects. Expand
The aerodynamic effects of wing rotation and a revised quasi-steady model of flapping flight.
A standard quasi-steady model of insect flight is modified to include rotational forces, translational forces and the added mass inertia, and the revised model predicts the time course of force generation for several different patterns of flapping kinematics more accurately than a model based solely on translational force coefficients. Expand
The aerodynamics of insect flight
- S. Sane
- Computer Science, Medicine
- Journal of Experimental Biology
- 1 December 2003
The basic physical principles underlying flapping flight in insects, results of recent experiments concerning the aerodynamics of insect flight, as well as the different approaches used to model these phenomena are reviewed. Expand
The control of flight force by a flapping wing: lift and drag production.
A dynamically scaled mechanical model of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is used to study how changes in wing kinematics influence the production of unsteady aerodynamic forces in insect flight, finding no evidence that stroke deviation can augment lift, but it nevertheless may be used to modulate forces on the two wings. Expand
Aerodynamic effects of flexibility in flapping wings
- Liang Zhao, Qingfeng Huang, X. Deng, S. Sane
- Physics, Medicine
- Journal of The Royal Society Interface
- 6 March 2010
It is shown that aerodynamic forces can be controlled by altering the trailing edge flexibility of a flapping wing, which can be useful for wing design for small robotic insects and, to a limited extent, in understanding the aerodynamics of flapping insect wings. Expand
The aerodynamic effects of wing–wing interaction in flapping insect wings
The results suggest that lift enhancement during clap-and-fling requires an angular separation between the two wings of no more than 10–12°, and that the presence of the image wing presumably causes subtle modifications in both the wake capture and viscous forces. Expand
Review The aerodynamics of insect flight
- S. Sane
The flight of insects has fascinated physicists and biologists for more than a century. Yet, until recently, researchers were unable to rigorously quantify the complex wing motions of flapping… Expand
Antennal Mechanosensors Mediate Flight Control in Moths
It is shown that mechanosensory input from the antennae serves a similar role during flight in hawk moths, which are four-winged insects, and plays a crucial role in maintaining flight stability of moths. Expand
The biomechanics of sensory organs
In all the cases covered in this review, the physical properties of the sensory organs play a central role in determining the signals received by the nervous system. Expand
Induced airflow in flying insects II. Measurement of induced flow
The hot wire anemometry technique provides a useful means to quantify the aerodynamic signature of wing flexion, and demonstrates evidence for the predictions of a mathematical model proposed in the companion paper. Expand