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Lactic acid bacteria: classification and physiology.
TLDR
The present taxonomy relies partly on true phylogenetic relationships, largely based on morphology, mode of glucose fermentation, growth at different temperatures, configuration of the lactic acid produced, ability to grow at high salt concentrations, and acid or alkaline tolerance.
Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics consensus statement on the scope and appropriate use of the term probiotic
TLDR
An expert panel was convened in October 2013 by the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) to discuss the field of probiotics and the appropriate use and scope of the term probiotic.
Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) consensus statement on the definition and scope of prebiotics
TLDR
The goal of this Consensus Statement is to engender appropriate use of the term 'prebiotic' by relevant stakeholders so that consistency and clarity can be achieved in research reports, product marketing and regulatory oversight of the category.
The human milk microbiome changes over lactation and is shaped by maternal weight and mode of delivery.
TLDR
The results indicate that milk bacteria are not contaminants and suggest that the milk microbiome is influenced by several factors that significantly skew its composition, which emphasize the necessity to understand the biological role that the Milk microbiome could potentially play for human health.
Functional food science and gastrointestinal physiology and function
TLDR
The develop-ment of functional foods for the gut is in its infancy and will be successful only if more fundamental research is done on digestive physiology, the gut microflora, immune system and mucosal function.
Human gut colonisation may be initiated in utero by distinct microbial communities in the placenta and amniotic fluid
TLDR
It is proposed that the stepwise microbial gut colonisation process may be initiated already prenatally by a distinct microbiota in the placenta and amniotic fluid, and the link between the mother and the offspring is continued after birth by microbes present in breast milk.
Surface Binding of Aflatoxin B1 by Lactic Acid Bacteria
TLDR
The accessibility of bound aflatoxin B1 to an antibody in an indirect competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay suggests that surface components of these bacteria are involved in binding.
Distinct composition of gut microbiota during pregnancy in overweight and normal-weight women.
TLDR
Gut microbiota composition and weight are linked, and mother's weight gain is affected by microbiota, and microbiota modification before and during pregnancy may offer new directions for preventive and therapeutic applications in reducing the risk of overweight and obesity.
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