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The human gene map for performance and health-related fitness phenotypes: the 2006-2007 update.
This update of the human gene map for physical performance and health-related fitness phenotypes covers the research advances reported in 2006 and 2007. The genes and markers with evidence ofExpand
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Association of interleukin-15 protein and interleukin-15 receptor genetic variation with resistance exercise training responses.
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is an anabolic cytokine that is produced in skeletal muscle and directly affects muscle anabolism in animal and in vitro models. The contribution of IL-15 variability in muscleExpand
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Effects of age, gender, and myostatin genotype on the hypertrophic response to heavy resistance strength training.
BACKGROUND Because of the scarcity of data available from direct comparisons of age and gender groups using the same relative training stimulus, it is unknown whether older individuals can increaseExpand
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The human gene map for performance and health-related fitness phenotypes: the 2005 update.
The current review presents the 2005 update of the human gene map for physical performance and health-related fitness phenotypes. It is based on peer-reviewed papers published by the end of 2005. TheExpand
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The ACTN3 R577X nonsense allele is under-represented in elite-level strength athletes
Previous reports have shown a lower proportion of the ACTN3 X/X genotype (R577X nonsense polymorphism) in sprint-related athletes compared to the general population, possibly attributed to impairmentExpand
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ACTN3 genotype is associated with muscle phenotypes in women across the adult age span.
The R577X polymorphism in the alpha-actinin-3 encoding gene (ACTN3) has been associated with elite athletic performance, and recently with differences in isometric and dynamic muscle strength andExpand
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Testosterone-induced muscle hypertrophy is associated with an increase in satellite cell number in healthy, young men.
Testosterone (T) supplementation in men induces muscle fiber hypertrophy. We hypothesized that T-induced increase in muscle fiber size is associated with a dose-dependent increase in satellite cellExpand
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Alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) R577X polymorphism influences knee extensor peak power response to strength training in older men and women.
BACKGROUND The alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) R577X polymorphism has been associated with muscle power performance in cross-sectional studies. METHODS We examined baseline knee extensor concentric peakExpand
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Muscle Size Responses to Strength Training in Young and Older Men and Women
OBJECTIVES: To examine the possible influences of age and gender on muscle volume responses to strength training (ST).
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Myostatin Gene Expression is Reduced in Humans with Heavy-Resistance Strength Training: A Brief Communication
This study examined changes in myostatin gene expression in response to strength training (ST). Fifteen young and older men (n = 7) and women (n = 8) completed a 9-week heavy-resistance unilateralExpand
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