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Mapping numerical processing, reading, and executive functions in the developing brain: an fMRI meta-analysis of 52 studies including 842 children.
The first meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data obtained over the past decade on more than 800 children and adolescents in three core systems of cognitive development and school learning indicates that children primarily engage the frontal cortex when solving numerical tasks.
Bats, balls, and substitution sensitivity: cognitive misers are no happy fools
Results show that people are less confident in their substituted, erroneous bat-and-ball answer than in their answer on the control version that does not give rise to the substitution, calling into question the characterization of the human reasoner as a happy fool who blindly answers erroneous questions without realizing it.
Which processes are involved in cognitive procedural learning?
The overall findings call into question the status of functionally autonomous memory system that is currently allotted to procedural memory, and suggest that the role of nonprocedural cognitive components should be taken into account in patient rehabilitation.
Bias detection: Response confidence evidence for conflict sensitivity in the ratio bias task
Human reasoning is often biased by heuristic thinking. A key question is whether people detect that their heuristic answer conflicts with logical considerations. Empirical studies suggest that the…
Functional magnetic resonance imaging study of Piaget's conservation-of-number task in preschool and school-age children: a neo-Piagetian approach.
The Shift from Local to Global Visual Processing in 6-Year-Old Children Is Associated with Grey Matter Loss
These anatomical findings are in agreement with previous findings in children with neurodevelopmental disorders and represent the first structural identification of brain regions that allow healthy children to develop a global perception of the visual world.
Is human decision making under ambiguity guided by loss frequency regardless of the costs? A developmental study using the Soochow Gambling Task.
Interaction With a High- Versus Low-Competence Influence Source in Inductive Reasoning
2 studies showing how people use confirmation and disconfirmation strategies during actual interaction in problem solving showed that participants were able to learn to use disconf confirmation when confronted with a low-competence, nonthreatening partner.
Number Conservation is Related to Children’s Prefrontal Inhibitory Control: An fMRI Study of a Piagetian Task
To acquire number conservation, children’s brains must not only activate the reversibility of cognitive operations but also inhibit a misleading length-equal-number strategy (supported by the right insula/inferior frontal gyrus).
Adult brains don't fully overcome biases that lead to incorrect performance during cognitive development: an fMRI study in young adults completing a Piaget-like task.
It is shown with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), for the first time, that adult brains do not fully overcome the biases of childhood and hence requires an executive network to overcome it.