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Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research
This article is based on a consensus conference, which took place in Certosa di Pontignano, Siena (Italy) on March 7-9, 2008, intended to update the previous safety guidelines for the application ofExpand
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Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord, roots and peripheral nerves: Basic principles and procedures for routine clinical and research application. An updated
These guidelines provide an up-date of previous IFCN report on “Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord and roots: basic principles and procedures for routineExpand
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Seizures after Spontaneous Supratentorial Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Summary:  Purpose: To characterize seizures after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), evaluating the risk of occurrence and relapse, predisposing factors, and prognostic significance, and to assess theExpand
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Clinical neurophysiology of aging brain: From normal aging to neurodegeneration
Physiological brain aging is characterized by a loss of synaptic contacts and neuronal apoptosis that provokes age-dependent decline of sensory processing, motor performance, and cognitive function.Expand
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Randomized sham-controlled trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder.
In open trials, 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the supplementary motor area (SMA) improved symptoms and normalized cortical hyper-excitability of patients withExpand
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Screening questionnaire before TMS: An update
In a recent article published in this Journal (Rossi et al., 2009), we updated, on behalf of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, the safety and ethical guidelines for the use ofExpand
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Frequency-Dependent Tuning of the Human Motor System Induced by Transcranial Oscillatory Potentials
Different corticothalamic brain modules intrinsically oscillate at a “natural frequency” in a topographically organized manner. In “quiescent” human sensorimotor regions, the main detectableExpand
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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette's syndrome (TS).
There is evidence that motor and premotor cortex are hyperexcitable in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette's syndrome (TS). We tested whether low-frequency repetitive transcranialExpand
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Corticospinal excitability modulation to hand muscles during movement imagery.
Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) to magnetic transcranial stimulation (TCS) were recorded from right abductor digiti minimi (ADM) and first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscles, sharing the sameExpand
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Somatosensory processing during movement observation in humans
OBJECTIVES A neural system matching action observation and execution seems to operate in the human brain, but its possible role in processing sensory inputs reaching the cortex during movementExpand
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