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Creation of an Ultracold Neutral Plasma
The study of ionized gases in neutral plasma physics spans temperatures ranging from 10 16 K in the magnetosphere of a pulsar to 300 K in the earth’s ionosphere [1]. At lower temperatures, the
A Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice
We have performed a number of experiments with a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a one-dimensional optical lattice. Making use of the small momentum spread of a BEC and standard atom optics
Four-wave mixing with matter waves
The advent of the laser as an intense source of coherent light gave rise to nonlinear optics, which now plays an important role in many areas of science and technology. One of the first applications
Coherent Splitting of Bose-Einstein Condensed Atoms With Optically Induced Bragg Diffraction
We have observed Bragg diffraction of a Bose-Einstein condensate of sodium atoms by a moving, periodic, optical potential. The coherent process of Bragg diffraction produced a splitting of the
Ultracold neutral plasmas
  • S. Rolston
  • Physics
    IEEE 41st International Conference on Plasma…
  • 8 March 2002
The fifteen-year history of the field of ultracold neutral plasmas, which resides at the intersection of atomic physics and plasma physics, is reviewed, including plasma creation, expansion dynamics, temperature evolution, collisional properties, and collective modes.
Anomalous Broadening in Driven Dissipative Rydberg Systems.
Interaction-induced broadening of the two-photon 5s-18s transition in ^{87}Rb atoms trapped in a 3D optical lattice is observed, with increased linewidth attributed to resonant dipole-dipole interactions of 18s atoms with blackbody induced population in nearby np states.
Non-Markovian Collective Emission from Macroscopically Separated Emitters.
The collective spontaneous emission rate of the emitters exhibits an enhancement or inhibition beyond the usual Dicke superradiance and subradiance due to self-consistent coherent time-delayed feedback.
Formation of Rydberg atoms in an expanding ultracold neutral plasma.
This work studies the formation of Rydberg atoms in expanding plasmas at temperatures of 1-1000 K and densities from 10(5)-10(10) cm(-3), yet most of the results are inconsistent with this mechanism.
Diffraction of a Released Bose-Einstein Condensate by a Pulsed Standing Light Wave
We study the diffraction of a released sodium Bose-Einstein condensate by a pulsed standing light wave. The width of the momentum distribution of the diffracted atoms exhibits strong oscillations as