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A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation training: Effects on distress, positive states of mind, rumination, and distraction
TLDR
The data suggest that compared with a no-treatment control, brief training in mindfulness meditation or somatic relaxation reduces distress and improves positive mood states, and mindfulness meditation may be specific in its ability to reduce distractive and ruminative thoughts and behaviors.
Conceptualizing and Measuring Ethnic Discrimination in Health Research
TLDR
The General Ethnic Discrimination Scale is presented, an 18-item measure of perceived ethnic discrimination that can be used in health research with any ethnic group and has sufficient, initial psychometric integrity for use in clinical and community health studies.
Maternal Prenatal Anxiety and Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone Associated With Timing of Delivery
TLDR
These findings are the first to link both psychosocial and neuroendocrine factors to birth outcomes in a prospective design and support the mediation hypothesis at Time 2, indicating that women with high CRH levels and high maternal prenatal anxiety at 28 to 30 weeks gestation delivered earlier than women with lower CRH Levels and maternal prenatal Anxiety.
A meta‐analytic review of help giving and aggression from an attributional perspective: Contributions to a general theory of motivation
The present review syntheses 64 investigations on the determinants of helping and aggression involving more than 12,000 subjects, providing empirical tests of Weiner's (1986, 1995) theory of social
Coping with Prostate Cancer: A Meta-Analytic Review
TLDR
It is suggested that active approaches to coping with prostate cancer are beneficial psychologically, physically, and are positively associated with a return to pre-cancer activities.
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