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Open Problems in Artificial Life
TLDR
This article lists fourteen open problems in artificial life, each of which is a grand challenge requiring a major advance on a fundamental issue for its solution. Expand
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Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter
TLDR
We present the first concrete, rational design of a simple physicochemical system that integrates the key functionalities in a thermodynamically favorable manner as a lipid aggregate integrates proto-genes and a proto-metabolism. Expand
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Living Technology: Exploiting Life's Principles in Technology
TLDR
The concept of living technologythat is, technology that is based on the powerful core features of lifeis explained and illustrated with examples from artificial life software, reconfigurable and evolvable hardware, autonomously self-reproducing robots, chemical protocells, and hybrid electronic-chemical systems. Expand
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Self-reproduction of dynamical hierarchies in chemical systems
In biological systems higher order hyperstructures seem to occur both in an intuitive and a formal sense. Starting at a molecular level of description we have: molecules, polymers, supramolecularExpand
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Transitions from Nonliving to Living Matter
Researchers interested in the origins of life on Earth have long pondered what constitutes the transition from nonliving to living matter. In this meeting report, Rasmussen and colleagues discussExpand
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Ansatz for Dynamical Hierarchies
TLDR
We present an ansatz for how to generate robust, higher-order emergent properties in formal dynamical systems that is based on a conjecture of a necessary minimal complexity within the fundamental interacting structures once a particular simulation framework is chosen. Expand
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Nucleobase mediated, photocatalytic vesicle formation from an ester precursor.
We report the use of photoinduced electron transfer to drive reductive cleavage of an ester to produce bilayer-forming molecules; specifically, visible photolysis in a mixture of a decanoic acidExpand
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Assembly of a Minimal Protocell
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Artificial Life II
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Computational connectionism within neurons: a model of cytoskeletal automata subserving neural networks
TLDR
In this paper, we extend previous work and simulate associative learning in a cytoskeletal network as well as assembly and disassembly of microtubules. Expand
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