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The Chlamydomonas Genome Reveals the Evolution of Key Animal and Plant Functions
Analyses of the Chlamydomonas genome advance the understanding of the ancestral eukaryotic cell, reveal previously unknown genes associated with photosynthetic and flagellar functions, and establish links between ciliopathy and the composition and function of flagella.
The dynamic genome of Hydra
Comparisons of the Hydra genome to the genomes of other animals shed light on the evolution of epithelia, contractile tissues, developmentally regulated transcription factors, the Spemann–Mangold organizer, pluripotency genes and the neuromuscular junction.
The high-quality draft genome of peach (Prunus persica) identifies unique patterns of genetic diversity, domestication and genome evolution
Comparisons showed that peach has not undergone recent whole-genome duplication, and even though the ancestral triplicated blocks in peach are fragmentary compared to those in grape, all seven paleosets of paralogs from the putative paleoancestor are detectable.
The Genome of Naegleria gruberi Illuminates Early Eukaryotic Versatility
The Naegleria genome facilitates substantially broader phylogenomic comparisons of free-living eukaryotes than previously possible, allowing us to identify thousands of genes likely present in the pan-eukaryotic ancestor, with 40% likely eukARYotic inventions.
Annotation of the Drosophila melanogaster euchromatic genome: a systematic review
Identification of so many unusual gene models in Drosophila suggests that some mechanisms for gene regulation are more prevalent than previously believed, and underscores the complex challenges of eukaryotic gene prediction.
The Cassava Genome: Current Progress, Future Directions
A 454-based whole genome shotgun sequence has been assembled, which covers 69% of the predicted genome size and 96% of protein-coding gene space, and an efficient genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approach is being developed to catalog SNPs both within the mapping population and among diverse African farmer-preferred varieties of cassava.
Genomic Analysis of Organismal Complexity in the Multicellular Green Alga Volvox carteri
Analysis of the Volvox genome and predicted proteome shows that increases in organismal complexity can be associated with modifications of lineage-specific proteins rather than large-scale invention of protein-coding capacity.
Sequencing wild and cultivated cassava and related species reveals extensive interspecific hybridization and genetic diversity
It is found that paleotetraploidy in cassava is shared with the related rubber tree Hevea, providing a resource for comparative studies and will inform future genome-enabled breeding efforts to improve this staple crop.
The Reference Genome of the Halophytic Plant Eutrema salsugineum
- Ruolin Yang, D. Jarvis, +12 authors Xiangfeng Wang
- Biology, MedicineFront. Plant Sci.
- 15 February 2013
The reference genome sequence of E. salsugineum is presented to provide a resource to identify naturally occurring genetic alterations contributing to the adaptation of halophytic plants to salinity and that might be bioengineered in related crop species.
Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication
This work sequence and compare citrus genomes—a high-quality reference haploid clementine genome and mandarin, pummelo, sweet-orange and sour-orange genomes—and shows that cultivated types derive from two progenitor species.