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Abnormalities of the left temporal lobe and thought disorder in schizophrenia. A quantitative magnetic resonance imaging study.
TLDR
New MRI neuroimaging techniques are used to derive volume measurements and three-dimensional reconstructions of temporal-lobe structures in vivo in 15 right-handed men with chronic schizophrenia and 15 matched controls to discover the degree of thought disorder is related to the size of the reduction in volume of the left posterior superior temporal gyrus.
Recognizing emotion in faces: developmental effects of child abuse and neglect.
TLDR
The results suggest that to the extent that children's experience with the world varies, so too will their interpretation and understanding of emotional signals, and physically abused children showed the most variance across emotions.
Pubertal development: correspondence between hormonal and physical development.
TLDR
The interrelation of multiple indices of puberty was examined, including the Pubertal Development Scale, a picture-based interview about puberty (PBIP), and a physical exam, finding multiple measures of puberty are viable options, each with respective strengths.
Family Poverty Affects the Rate of Human Infant Brain Growth
TLDR
Differences in brain growth were found to vary with socioeconomic status (SES), with children from lower-income households having slower trajectories of growth during infancy and early childhood.
Early experience is associated with the development of categorical representations for facial expressions of emotion
TLDR
It is suggested that affective experiences can influence perceptual representations of basic emotions and alter the discriminative abilities that influence how children categorize angry facial expressions.
Emotional Expressions Reconsidered: Challenges to Inferring Emotion From Human Facial Movements
TLDR
There is an urgent need for research that examines how people actually move their faces to express emotions and other social information in the variety of contexts that make up everyday life, as well as careful study of the mechanisms by which people perceive instances of emotion in one another.
Early Stress Is Associated with Alterations in the Orbitofrontal Cortex: A Tensor-Based Morphometry Investigation of Brain Structure and Behavioral Risk
TLDR
It is shown that alterations in the orbitofrontal cortex among individuals who experienced physical abuse are related to social difficulties, suggesting a biological mechanism linking early social learning to later behavioral outcomes.
Association of Child Poverty, Brain Development, and Academic Achievement.
TLDR
The influence of poverty on children's learning and achievement is mediated by structural brain development and households below 150% of the federal poverty level should be targeted for additional resources aimed at remediating early childhood environments.
Early experience in humans is associated with changes in neuropeptides critical for regulating social behavior.
TLDR
The data indicate that the vasopressin and oxytocin neuropeptide systems, which are critical in the establishment of social bonds and the regulation of emotional behaviors, are affected by early social experience.
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