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A serum autoantibody marker of neuromyelitis optica: distinction from multiple sclerosis
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica is an inflammatory demyelinating disease with generally poor prognosis that selectively targets optic nerves and spinal cord. It is commonly misdiagnosed as multipleExpand
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The spectrum of neuromyelitis optica
Neuromyelitis optica (also known as Devic's disease) is an idiopathic, severe, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that preferentially affects the optic nerve and spinal cord.Expand
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IgG marker of optic-spinal multiple sclerosis binds to the aquaporin-4 water channel
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that selectively affects optic nerves and spinal cord. It is considered a severe variant of multiple sclerosis (MS), and frequentlyExpand
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Revised diagnostic criteria for neuromyelitis optica
Background: The authors previously proposed diagnostic criteria for neuromyelitis optica (NMO) that facilitate its distinction from prototypic multiple sclerosis (MS). However, some patients withExpand
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Revised diagnostic criteria for neuromyelitis optica.
BACKGROUND The authors previously proposed diagnostic criteria for neuromyelitis optica (NMO) that facilitate its distinction from prototypic multiple sclerosis (MS). However, some patients withExpand
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Brain abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica.
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severe demyelinating disease defined principally by its tendency to selectively affect optic nerves and the spinal cord causing recurrent attacks ofExpand
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Clinical and radiographic spectrum of pathologically confirmed tumefactive multiple sclerosis
Atypical imaging features of multiple sclerosis lesions include size >2 cm, mass effect, oedema and/or ring enhancement. This constellation is often referred to as ‘tumefactive multiple sclerosis’.Expand
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Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis.
BACKGROUND Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), often termed Hashimoto encephalopathy, is a poorly understood and often misdiagnosed entity. OBJECTIVEExpand
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Neuromyelitis optica and non organ-specific autoimmunity.
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is often associated with other clinical or serological markers of non-organ-specific autoimmunity. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between NMO spectrumExpand
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Neuromyelitis optica brain lesions localized at sites of high aquaporin 4 expression.
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-IgG is a specific autoantibody marker for NMO. It binds selectively to aquaporin 4 (AQP4), which is highly concentrated in astrocytic foot processes at theExpand
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