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The global spectrum of plant form and function
Analysis of worldwide variation in six major traits critical to growth, survival and reproduction within the largest sample of vascular plant species ever compiled found that occupancy of six-dimensional trait space is strongly concentrated, indicating coordination and trade-offs. Expand
Biology, ecology and conservation of the Mobulidae.
A comparative synthesis of the biology and ecology of mobulids was conducted to examine their evolution, taxonomy, distribution, population trends, movements and aggregation, reproduction, growth and longevity, feeding, natural mortality and direct and indirect anthropogenic threats. Expand
A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes world‐wide
The CSR strategies of vascular plants can be compared quantitatively within and between biomes at the global scale and the strategy–environment relationships it elucidates will help to predict which kinds of species may assemble in response to changes in biogeochemical cycles, climate and land use. Expand
The Evolutionary Strategies that Shape Ecosystems
In 1837 a young Charles Darwin took his notebook, wrote "I think" and then sketched a rudimentary, stick-like tree. Each branch of Darwin's tree of life told a story of survival and adaptation –Expand
The functional basis of a primary succession resolved by CSR classification
CSR classification aims to apply CSR theory to large numbers of plants in situ, thereby allowing the investigation of communities within a functional context. However, it has only ever been appliedExpand
Allocating CSR plant functional types: the use of leaf economics and size traits to classify woody and herbaceous vascular plants
The method allowed classification of target species within a triangular space corresponding to Grime's theoretical CSR triangle and was sufficiently precise to distinguish strategies between species within genera and within populations of species. Expand
Deep-diving behaviour of a whale shark Rhincodon typus during long-distance movement in the western Indian Ocean.
A whale shark Rhincodon typus satellite tagged off the coast of Mozambique showed a highly directional movement across the Mozambique Channel and around the southern tip of Madagascar, a minimumExpand
How large is the world's largest fish? Measuring whale sharks Rhincodon typus with laser photogrammetry.
Laser photogrammetry was found to be a promising new cost-effective technique for measuring free-swimming whale sharks Rhincodon typus and a new metric of total length and the length between the fifth gill and first dorsal fin is proposed to facilitate easy, accurate length measurements of whale sharks in the field. Expand
Whale sharks target dense prey patches of sergestid shrimp off Tanzania
Zooplankton biomass, size structure and taxonomic composition from whale shark feeding events and background samples at Mafia Island, Tanzania showed that plankton biomass was ∼10 times higher in patches where whale sharks were feeding, while copepods dominated background samples. Expand