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Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists
TLDR
Convergent evolution of the mycorrhizal habit in fungi occurred via the repeated evolution of a 'symbiosis toolkit', with reduced numbers of PCWDEs and lineage-specific suites of myCorrhiza-induced genes. Expand
The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sustainable maintenance of plant health and soil fertility
TLDR
This review discusses the mechanism by which benefits are conferred through abiotic and biotic interactions in the rhizosphere of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and has had an impact in landscape regeneration, horticulture, alleviation of desertification and in the bioremediation of contaminated soils. Expand
Common components of the infection thread matrix and the intercellular space identified by immunocytochemical analysis of pea nodules and uninfected roots
TLDR
Three rat hybridoma cell lines have been isolated which produce monoclonal antibodies identifying a noduleenhanced, soluble component of Pisum sativum root nodules, and the antigen was shown to be present in the matrix that surrounds the invading rhizobia in infection threads and infection droplets. Expand
Tansley Review No. 82. Strategies of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi when infecting host plants
TLDR
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are ancient Zygomycetes thought to have colonized the first land plants; today, they are associated with the roots of about 80% of plant species, and are potentially valuable not only for developmental programmes based on low-input agriculture, but also as a complex experimental model, where both fungal and host plant growth are regulated. Expand
Ericoid mycorrhizal fungi are common root associates of a Mediterranean ectomycorrhizal plant (Quercus ilex)
TLDR
The results indicate that ericoid mycorrhizal fungi associate with ectomycorrhiza roots of neighbouring Quercus ilex and Erica arborea plants and the ecological significance of this finding is discussed. Expand
Inefficient photosynthesis in the Mediterranean orchid Limodorum abortivum is mirrored by specific association to ectomycorrhizal Russulaceae
TLDR
Results demonstrate that Limodorum species with inefficient photosynthesis specifically associate with ectomycorrhizal fungi, and appear to have adopted a nutrition strategy similar to that known from achlorophyllous orchids. Expand
Ericoid mycorrhizal fungi: cellular and molecular bases of their interactions with the host plant
TLDR
Immunocytochemical studies on the production of pectin degrading enzymes during the infection process of host and non-host plants suggest that regulation mechanisms for theProduction of cell wall degrading enzymes in vivo may be a crucial step for the establishment of successful mycorrhiza with host plants. Expand
Detection and Identification of Bacterial Endosymbionts in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Belonging to the Family Gigasporaceae
TLDR
Investigation to 11 fungal isolates obtained from different geographic areas and belonging to six different species of the family Gigasporaceae revealed a single, strongly supported branch nested in the genus Burkholderia. Expand
Photosynthetic Mediterranean meadow orchids feature partial mycoheterotrophy and specific mycorrhizal associations.
TLDR
Phylogenetic and multivariate comparisons indicated that even in sunny Mediterranean meadows, orchids may be mycoheterotrophic, with correlated mycorrhizal fungal specificity. Expand
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