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The fin whale Balaenoptera physalus (L. 1758) in the Mediterranean Sea
Based on genetic studies, fin whales from the Mediterranean Sea are distinct from North Atlantic conspecifics, and may constitute a resident population, separate from those of the North Atlantic, despite the species' historical presence in the Strait of Gibraltar.
Mediterranean fin whales at risk from fatal ship strikes.
The high likelihood of unreported fatal strikes combined with other anthropogenic threats suggests an urgent need for a comprehensive, basin-wide conservation strategy, including ship strike mitigation requirements, like real-time monitoring of whale presence and distribution to re-locate ferry routes to areas of lower cetACEan density, and reducing ship speed in high cetacean density areas.
Modelling Habitat Preferences for Fin Whales and Striped Dolphins in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Western Mediterranean Sea) with Physiographic and Remote Sensing Variables
Abstract One of the needs of the Pelagos Sanctuary for the Conservation of Mediterranean Marine Mammals is information on critical habitats for cetaceans. This study modelled habitat use and
Monitoring Winter and Summer Abundance of Cetaceans in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea) Through Aerial Surveys
These results provide essential baseline data for this marine protected area and continued regular surveys will allow the effectiveness of the MPA in terms of cetacean conservation to be evaluated and inform future management measures.
A multi-trial diagnostic tool in fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) skin biopsies of the Pelagos Sanctuary (Mediterranean Sea) and the Gulf of California (Mexico).
A "multi-trial diagnostic tool" is developed, combining molecular biomarkers and gene expression with the analysis of OCs, PAHs and PBDEs that revealed a higher level of toxicological stress in the Mediterranean fin whales.
Predictive habitat models for managing marine areas: Spatial and temporal distribution of marine mammals within the Pelagos Sanctuary (Northwestern Mediterranean sea)
Habitat use of seven different species of cetaceans inhabiting the Pelagos Sanctuary was studied using 18-year summer shipboard surveys data, using stepwise Logistic Regression Analysis to develop presence/absence predictive models.
Skin biopsy of Mediterranean cetaceans for the investigation of interspecies susceptibility to xenobiotic contaminants.
Cetacean skin biopsies are a powerful non-invasive tool for assessing ecotoxicological risk to Mediterranean marine mammals species, and fibroblast cultures are used as an alternative in vitro method of evaluating interspecies susceptibility to contaminants.
Relationship between organochlorine contaminants and mixed function oxidase activity in skin biopsy specimens of Mediterranean fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus).
In this study PCBs and DDTs were evaluated in subcutaneous blubber and MFO activity in epidermis and an interesting correlation was found in male specimens between the two variables.
Mysticete migration revisited: are Mediterranean fin whales an anomaly?
It is suggested that Mysticete migration should be thought of as a continuum of different strategies that have evolved in the face of different selective pressures, and that the paradigm of baleen whale migration warrants further scrutiny to account for more complex movement strategies.
How deep can baleen whales dive
Evidence of deep diving performances by fin whales Balaenoptera physalus in the Mediterranean Sea, never directly recorded for any other species of baleen whales, is presented to indicate that fin whale diving capabilities are opportunistically adapted to deep prey availability in the area.