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Executive functions and developmental psychopathology.
TLDR
It is revealed that EF deficits are consistently found in both ADHD and autism but not in CD (without ADHD) or in TS, and both the severity and profile of EF deficits appears to differ across ADHD and Autism.
Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: relationship to theory of mind.
TLDR
A group of high-functioning autistic individuals was compared to a clinical control group matched on VIQ, age, sex and SES, and the relationship of executive function and theory of mind deficits to each other, and their primacy to autism are discussed.
Recurrence Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Baby Siblings Research Consortium Study
TLDR
The sibling recurrence rate of ASD is higher than suggested by previous estimates, and the size of the current sample and prospective nature of data collection minimized many limitations of previous studies ofibling recurrence.
A prospective study of the emergence of early behavioral signs of autism.
Brief Report: Specific Executive Function Profiles in Three Neurodevelopmental Disorders
TLDR
It is hypothesized that when the broad domain of executive function was parsed into specific components, different disorders would demonstrate different executive profiles, and specific types of executive impairment may be associated with specific neurodevelopmental disorders.
The screening and diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorders.
TLDR
Specific detailed recommendations for each level have been established in this document, which are intended to improve the rate of early suspicion and diagnosis of, and therefore early intervention for, autism.
Genetic heritability and shared environmental factors among twin pairs with autism.
TLDR
Susceptibility to ASD has moderate genetic heritability and a substantial shared twin environmental component.
Common genetic variants on 5p14.1 associate with autism spectrum disorders
TLDR
The results implicate neuronal cell-adhesion molecules in the pathogenesis of ASDs, and represent, to the authors' knowledge, the first demonstration of genome-wide significant association of common variants with susceptibility to ASDs.
Practice parameter: Screening and diagnosis of autism
TLDR
This approach requires a dual process: 1) routine developmental surveillance and screening specifically for autism to be performed on all children to first identify those atrisk for any type of atypical development, and to identify those specifically at risk for autism.
Head circumference and height in autism: A study by the collaborative program of excellence in autism
TLDR
Mean standardized head circumference and rates of macrocephaly were similar in probands with autism and their parents, and increased head circumference was associated with a higher (more severe) ADI‐R social algorithm score.
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