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Executive functions and developmental psychopathology.
In this paper, we consider the domain of executive functions (EFs) and their possible role in developmental psychopathologies. We first consider general theoretical and measurement issues involved inExpand
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Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: relationship to theory of mind.
A group of high-functioning autistic individuals was compared to a clinical control group matched on VIQ, age, sex and SES. Significant group differences were found on executive function, theory ofExpand
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Recurrence Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Baby Siblings Research Consortium Study
OBJECTIVE: The recurrence risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is estimated to be between 3% and 10%, but previous research was limited by small sample sizes and biases related to ascertainment,Expand
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The screening and diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorders.
The Child Neurology Society and American Academy of Neurology recently proposed to formulate Practice Parameters for the Diagnosis and Evaluation of Autism for their memberships. This endeavor wasExpand
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A prospective study of the emergence of early behavioral signs of autism.
OBJECTIVE To examine prospectively the emergence of behavioral signs of autism in the first years of life in infants at low and high risk for autism. METHOD A prospective longitudinal design wasExpand
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Brief Report: Specific Executive Function Profiles in Three Neurodevelopmental Disorders
  • S. Ozonoff, J. Jensen
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1 April 1999
It has been proposed that deficient executive functions, such as flexibility, set maintenance, organization, planning, and working memory, may be primary cognitive deficits of autism (Hughes,Expand
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Genetic heritability and shared environmental factors among twin pairs with autism.
CONTEXT Autism is considered the most heritable of neurodevelopmental disorders, mainly because of the large difference in concordance rates between monozygotic and dizygotic twins. OBJECTIVE ToExpand
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Common genetic variants on 5p14.1 associate with autism spectrum disorders
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) represent a group of childhood neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by deficits in verbal communication, impairment of social interaction,Expand
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Practice parameter: Screening and diagnosis of autism
Article abstract Autism is a common disorder of childhood, affecting 1 in 500 children. Yet, it often remains unrecognized and undiagnosed until or after late preschool age because appropriate toolsExpand
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Teaching theory of mind: A new approach to social skills training for individuals with autism
This study examined the effectiveness of a social skills training program for normal-IQ adolescents with autism. Five boys participated in the 4 1/2-month treatment condition; four boys matched onExpand
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