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  • Influence
'Whatever is, is Right'? Economic Institutions in Pre-Industrial Europe
Institutions – the structures of rules and norms governing economic transactions – are widely assigned a central role in economic development. Yet economic history is still dominated by the beliefExpand
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Does the European Marriage Pattern Explain Economic Growth?
This paper scrutinizes the recently postulated link between the European Marriage Pattern (EMP) and economic success. A metastudy of the historical demography literature shows that the EMP did notExpand
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Consumption, Social Capital, and the “Industrious Revolution” in Early Modern Germany
This paper uses evidence from German-speaking central Europe to address open questions about the Consumer and Industrious Revolutions. Did they happen outside the early-developing, North AtlanticExpand
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Institutions and Economic Growth in Historical Perspective
This chapter surveys the historical evidence on the role of institutions in economic growth and points out weaknesses in a number of stylized facts widely accepted in the growth literature. It showsExpand
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Guilds, Efficiency, and Social Capital: Evidence from German Proto-Industry
This paper analyzes an early modern German economy to test alternative theories about guilds. It finds little evidence to support recent hypotheses arguing that guilds corrected market failuresExpand
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The Use and Abuse of Trust: Social Capital and its Deployment by Early Modern Guilds
Guilds are social scientists’ favoured historical example of institutions generating a ‘social capital’ of trust that benefited entire economies. This article considers this view in the light ofExpand
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State Corporatism and Proto-Industry: The Württemberg Black Forest, 1580-1797
Acknowledgements 1. Introduction 2. The proto-industrialization debate 3. Social institutions in early modern Wurttemberg 4. The Black Forest worsted industry 5. The finances of the proto-industrialExpand
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Household Debt in Early Modern Germany: Evidence from Personal Inventories
The “less-developed” interior of early modern Europe, especially the rural economy, is often regarded as financially comatose. This article investigates this view using a rich data set of marriageExpand
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Rehabilitating the guilds: a reply
This article examines Epstein's attempt to rehabilitate pre-modern craft guilds by criticizing my German case study. It demonstrates that his criticisms are baseless and his assertions about EuropeanExpand
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A Bitter Living: Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany
What role did women play in the pre-industrial European economy? Was it brought about by biology, culture, social institutions, or individual choices? And what were its consequences - for women, forExpand
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