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Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity
To identify common variants influencing body mass index (BMI), we analyzed genome-wide association data from 16,876 individuals of European descent. After previously reported variants in FTO, theExpand
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TAC3 and TACR3 mutations in familial hypogonadotropic hypogonadism reveal a key role for Neurokinin B in the central control of reproduction
The timely secretion of gonadal sex steroids is essential for the initiation of puberty, the postpubertal maintenance of secondary sexual characteristics and the normal perinatal development of maleExpand
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Dominant negative mutations in human PPARγ associated with severe insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus and hypertension
Thiazolidinediones are a new class of antidiabetic agent that improve insulin sensitivity and reduce plasma glucose and blood pressure in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Although these agents can bindExpand
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Loss of Function of the Melanocortin 2 Receptor Accessory Protein 2 Is Associated with Mammalian Obesity
Accessory to Obesity? Melanocortin receptors are a family of cell membrane receptors that control diverse physiological functions. Mutations in the gene encoding melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) are aExpand
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Genetics of body-weight regulation
The role of genetics in obesity is twofold. Studying rare mutations in humans and model organisms provides fundamental insight into a complex physiological process, and complements population-basedExpand
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Isomer-dependent metabolic effects of conjugated linoleic acid: insights from molecular markers sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c and LXRalpha.
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a heterogeneous group of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid. This study demonstrates the divergent effects of the cis-9 trans-11 (c9,t11-CLA) andExpand
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Linkage of type 2 diabetes to the glucokinase gene
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a subtype of type 2 diabetes that presents from the second decade and has an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. We have investigated theExpand
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Serotonin 5-HT2C receptor agonist promotes hypophagia via downstream activation of melanocortin 4 receptors.
The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) is a well-established modulator of energy balance. Both pharmacological and genetic evidence implicate the serotonin 2C receptor (5-HT(2C)R) as aExpand
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Perilipin deficiency and autosomal dominant partial lipodystrophy.
Perilipin is the most abundant adipocyte-specific protein that coats lipid droplets, and it is required for optimal lipid incorporation and release from the droplet. We identified two heterozygousExpand
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Small-intestinal dysfunction accompanies the complex endocrinopathy of human proprotein convertase 1 deficiency.
We have previously described the only reported case of human proprotein convertase 1 (PC1) deficiency, in a female (Subject A) with obesity, hypogonadism, hypoadrenalism, and reactive hypoglycemia.Expand
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