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The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital
The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directlyExpand
EFFECTS OF BIODIVERSITY ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING: A CONSENSUS OF CURRENT KNOWLEDGE
TLDR
Understanding this complexity, while taking strong steps to minimize current losses of species, is necessary for responsible management of Earth's ecosystems and the diverse biota they contain. Expand
Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity
TLDR
It is argued that human actions are dismantling the Earth’s ecosystems, eliminating genes, species and biological traits at an alarming rate, and the question of how such loss of biological diversity will alter the functioning of ecosystems and their ability to provide society with the goods and services needed to prosper is asked. Expand
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Current Knowledge and Future Challenges
TLDR
Larger numbers of species are probably needed to reduce temporal variability in ecosystem processes in changing environments and to determine how biodiversity dynamics, ecosystem processes, and abiotic factors interact. Expand
Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map
TLDR
Current evidence confirms that, as proposed by the Baas-Becking hypothesis, 'the environment selects' and is, in part, responsible for spatial variation in microbial diversity, but recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. Expand
TRY – a global database of plant traits
TLDR
The improved availability of plant trait data in the unified global database is expected to support a paradigm shift from species to trait-based ecology, offer new opportunities for synthetic plant trait research and enable a more realistic and empirically grounded representation of terrestrial vegetation in Earth system models. Expand
The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital
This article provides a crude initial estimate of the value of ecosystem services to the economy. Using data from previous published studies and a few original calculations the current economic valueExpand
The invasion paradox: reconciling pattern and process in species invasions.
TLDR
It is concluded that natively rich ecosystems are likely to be hotspots for exotic species, but that reduction of local species richness can further accelerate the invasion of these and other vulnerable habitats. Expand
Tradeoffs and thresholds in the effects of nitrogen addition on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: evidence from inner Mongolia Grasslands
TLDR
It is suggested that the critical threshold for N-induced species loss to mature Eurasian grasslands is below 1.75gNm � 2 yr � 1, and that changes in aboveground biomass, species richness, and plant functional group composition to both mature and degraded ecosystems saturate at N addition rates of approximately 10.5 gNm� 2 yr� 1. Expand
Plant diversity increases resistance to invasion in the absence of covarying extrinsic factors
TLDR
A strong inverse association between resident diversity and invader performance is found as predicted by Elton's hypothesis, and covarying extrinsic factors may obscure the negative impact of diversity on invader success. Expand
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