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Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain
We describe a partial skeleton with facial cranium of Pierolapithecus catalaunicus gen. et sp. nov., a new Middle Miocene (12.5 to 13 million years ago) ape from Barranc de Can Vila 1 (Barcelona,Expand
Updated chronology for the Miocene hominoid radiation in Western Eurasia
The results show that identifiable Eurasian kenyapithecins (Griphopithecus and Kenyapithecus) are much younger than previously thought, which casts serious doubts on the attribution of the hominoid tooth from Engelswies, and is consistent with an alternative scenario, according to which the Eurasian pongines and African hominines might have independently evolved in their respective continents from similar kenyAPithecin ancestors. Expand
Response to Comment on "Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain"
The new skeleton reveals that early great apes retained primitive monkeylike characters associated with a derived body structure that permits upright postures of the trunk, and suggests that Pierolapithecus is probably close to the last common ancestor of great apes and humans. Expand
A Dryopithecus skeleton and the origins of great-ape locomotion
The discovery of an extraordinary partial skeleton of Dryopithecus laietanus from Can Llobateres (Spain) provides evidence that orthograde postures and locomotion appeared at least 9.5 million years ago, strengthening previous hypotheses linking both Miocene forms with Pongo. Expand
Oreopithecus was a bipedal ape after all: evidence from the iliac cancellous architecture.
Digital image processing of calibrated hip bone radiographs reveals the occurrence of trabecular features, which, in humans and fossil hominids, are related to vertical support of the body weight, i.e., to bipedality. Expand
A unique Middle Miocene European hominoid and the origins of the great ape and human clade
A male partial face with mandible of a previously undescribed fossil hominid, Anoiapithecus brevirostris gen. et sp. Expand
Orang-like manual adaptations in the fossil hominoid Hispanopithecus laietanus: first steps towards great ape suspensory behaviours
The retention of powerful grasping and palmigrady suggests that the last common ancestor of hominids might have been more primitive than what can be inferred on the basis of extant taxa, suggesting that pronograde behaviours are compatible with an orthograde bodyplan suitable for climbing and suspension. Expand
First partial face and upper dentition of the Middle Miocene hominoid Dryopithecus fontani from Abocador de Can Mata (Vallès-Penedès Basin, Catalonia, NE Spain): taxonomic and phylogenetic
Anatomical and morphometric analyses indicate that the new specimen shows a combination of lower facial features-hitherto unknown in Miocene hominoids-that resembles the facial pattern of Gorilla, thus providing the first nondental evidence of gorilla-like lower facial morphology in the fossil record. Expand
Morphological affinities of the Australopithecus afarensis hand on the basis of manual proportions and relative thumb length.
The manual proportions of Australopithecus afarensis are investigated by means of bivariate and multivariate morphometric analyses, in order to test the hypothesis that human-like proportions, including an enhanced thumb/hand relationship, originally evolved as an adaptation to stone tool-making. Expand
Pierolapithecus and the functional morphology of Miocene ape hand phalanges: paleobiological and evolutionary implications.
The results indicate that the manual phalanges of Miocene apes are much more similar to one another than to living apes, and agree with the view that hominoid locomotor evolution largely took place in a mosaic fashion. Expand