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A comparison of the flora and arthropod fauna of organically and conventionally grown winter wheat in southern England
TLDR
Fields of winter wheat on organic and conventional farms were sampled for weeds and invertebrates in June/July in 1990 and 1991 compared with a D-vac vacuum suction sampler, with significantly higher densities of nematoceran and acalypteran Diptera and Hem-iptera than in conventionally grown fields. Expand
The relationship between yellowhammer breeding performance, arthropod abundance and insecticide applications on arable farmland
TLDR
It is demonstrated how insecticide applications can depress yellowhammer breeding productivity and provided the requisite data for a framework that enables predictions to be made about the probable population effects of particular pesticide products. Expand
Breeding ecology of farmland Yellowhammers Emberiza citrinella
TLDR
It is suggested that farming systems that increase habitat diversity and reduce pesticide application to arable crops will benefit Yellowhammers and other farmland buntings. Expand
The effectiveness of field margin enhancement for cereal aphid control by different natural enemy guilds
TLDR
Flying predators alone were as effective as all predators in controlling the grain aphid and reduced aphids by 90% and 93%, whereas epigeal predators alone achieved a reduction of only 40% and 18% in fields with standard and wide margins respectively. Expand
Influences of extreme weather, climate and pesticide use on invertebrates in cereal fields over 42 years.
TLDR
Some long-term trends in invertebrate abundance correlated with temperature and rainfall, indicating that climate change may affect them, but pesticide use was more important in explaining the trends, suggesting that reduced pesticide use would mitigate the effects of climate change. Expand
Agri-environment scheme enhancing ecosystem services: A demonstration of improved biological control in cereal crops
TLDR
It is demonstrated that an agri-environment option can be used to improve an ecosystem service on arable farmland and there was weaker evidence that hedgerows decreased aphid control by epigeal predators. Expand
A Comparison of Some Important Chick-Food Insect Groups Found in Organic and Conventionally-Grown Winter Wheat Fields in Southern England
TLDR
Although higher densities of the chick-food insects of farmland birds, namely weevils, leaf beetles, spiders, plant hoppers, plant bugs and sawfly larvae were found in organic fields many of these differences were not significant at the 5% level of probability. Expand
Influence of autumn applied herbicides on summer and autumn food available to birds in winter wheat fields in southern England
TLDR
The effects of an autumn herbicide application on the flora and invertebrate fauna were studied within the field headland of winter wheat crops over three years. Expand
The diet and disease susceptibility of grey partridges Perdix perdix on arable farmland in East Anglia, England
TLDR
It is suggested that poor wild brood survival was indicative of low habitat and food quality rather than of a high rate of parasite infection, and management to conserve and increase wild grey partridge numbers should concentrate on improving foraging habitat quality. Expand
A quantitative comparison of neck-collar and faecal analysis to determine passerine nestling diet
TLDR
Two commonly used methods for diet determination, neck-collars (ligatures) and faecal analysis, were compared and significant differences in diet composition were found for Dunnock and Whitethroat. Expand
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