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Including carbon emissions from deforestation in the carbon footprint of Brazilian beef.
It is concluded that carbon footprint standards must include the more extended effects of land use changes to avoid giving misleading information to policy makers, retailers, and consumers.
Life cycle assessment of wastewater systems : Influence of system boundaries and scale on calculated environmental loads
Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology was used to compare the environmental loads from wastewater systems with different technical solutions. This study compared proposed conventional wastewater
Normative ethics and methodology for life cycle assessment
Prospective life cycle assessment (LCA) provides information on the environmental consequences of individual actions. Retrospective LCA provides information about the environmental properties of the
Prospective life cycle assessment of graphene production by ultrasonication and chemical reduction.
Two production routes for in-solution graphene are compared using a cradle-to-gate lifecycle assessment focusing on potential differences in energy use, blue water footprint, human toxicity, and ecotoxicity, to demonstrate the possibility to conduct prospective life cycle assessment studies of products at early stages of technological development.
Detection of Pollution-Induced Community Tolerance (PICT) in marine periphyton communities established under diuron exposure
An effort aiming at a partial validation of the pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) methodology is reported, where comparisons are made between the short-term effects on photosynthesis of control communities, the PICT of diuron-exposed communities, and other long- term effects such as cholorophyll a content, specific pholosynthetic activity (P) and diatom species richness.
Hydrokinetic Turbine Effects on Fish Swimming Behaviour
The results indicate that arrays comprising multiple turbines may restrict fish movements, particularly for large species, with possible effects on habitat connectivity if migration routes are exploited, and arrays of the investigated turbine type and comparable systems should therefore be designed with gaps of several metres width to allow large fish to pass through.
Regional Risk Assessment of a Brazilian Rain Forest Reserve
The objective of this study was to identify subareas inside and near an Atlantic Rain Forest reserve, the Parque Estadual Turístico do Alto Ribeira (PETAR), most likely to be affected by land use in
Environmental Assessment of Emerging Technologies: Recommendations for Prospective LCA
A definition of prospective LCA is proposed and a number of recommendations for how to conduct such prospective assessments in a relevant manner are provided, mainly from the areas of nanomaterials, biomaterials and energy technologies.