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Mothers' and fathers' racial socialization in African American families: implications for youth.
Mothers' and fathers' cultural socialization and bias preparation with older (M=13.9 years) and younger (M=10.31 years) siblings were studied in 162 two-parent, African American families. AnalysesExpand
Theoretical Perspectives on Sibling Relationships.
Although siblings are a fixture of family life, research on sibling relationships lags behind that on other family relationships. To stimulate interest in sibling research and to serve as a guide forExpand
Free- time activities in middle childhood: links with adjustment in early adolescence.
This study assessed links between free-time activities in middle childhood (hobbies, sports, toys and games, outdoor play, reading, television viewing, and hanging out) and school grades, conduct,Expand
Sibling Relationships and Influences in Childhood and Adolescence.
The authors review the literature on sibling relationships in childhood and adolescence, starting by tracing themes from foundational research and theory and then focusing on empirical researchExpand
Sociocultural Factors and School Engagement Among African American Youth: The Roles of Racial Discrimination, Racial Socialization, and Ethnic Identity
This study investigated the links between racial discrimination and school engagement and the roles of racial socialization and ethnic identity as protective factors in those linkages in a sample ofExpand
Sibling relationships or children with autistic, mentally retarded, and nonhandicapped brothers and sisters
The subjects were 90 children between 6 and 15 years of age, 30 with autistic, 30 with mentally retarded, and 30 with nonhandicapped brothers or sisters. The children were questioned about theirExpand
When Does Parents’ Differential Treatment Have Negative Implications for Siblings?
We compared the extent of parents’ differential treatment (PDT) and girls’ and boys’ perceptions of parents’ fairness in middle childhood and adolescence as a function of the gender constellation ofExpand
Conditions underlying parents' knowledge about children's daily lives in middle childhood: between- and within-family comparisons.
This study examined the correlates of mothers' and fathers' knowledge about the daily experiences of their firstborn (M = 10.9 years) and secondborn (M = 8.3 years) children in 198 nondivorced,Expand
The Family Contexts of Gender Development in Childhood and Adolescence
We review research on the family's role in gender development during childhood and adolescence. Our discussion highlights children's dyadic family relationship experiences with their parents andExpand