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Continuous emotional support during labor in a US hospital. A randomized controlled trial.
The continuous presence of a supportive companion (doula) during labor and delivery in two studies in Guatemala shortened labor and reduced the need for cesarean section and other interventions. In a
A randomized controlled trial of continuous labor support for middle-class couples: effect on cesarean delivery rates.
For middle-class women laboring with the support of their male partner, the continuous presence of a doula during labor significantly decreased the likelihood of cesarean delivery and reduced the need for epidural analgesia.
Starting the process of mother-infant bonding.
Even in case where the mother initially rejects her infant, sensitive medical personnel can provide an environment which allows the bond between mother and infant to begin.
Starting the process of mother–infant bonding
Hospital staff can promote the creation of this bond by providing continuous support during labor, by placing the newborn skin‐to‐skin on the mother's chest immediately after delivery until the infant latches on for the first feeding, and by encouraging continued breastfeeding.
Catch-up growth in very-low-birth-weight infants. Clinical correlates.
Clinical correlates of catch-up growth were documented in 182 very-low-birth-weight infants followed up prospectively until a corrected age of 33 months and in the infants in the SGA group, the correlates of poor catch- up growth were birth weight, multiple birth, and social class.