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The FLACC: a behavioral scale for scoring postoperative pain in young children.
PURPOSE To evaluate the reliability and validity of the FLACC Pain Assessment Tool which incorporates five categories of pain behaviors: facial expression; leg movement; activity; cry; andExpand
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A Prospective Cohort Study of Emergence Agitation in the Pediatric Postanesthesia Care Unit
Emergence agitation (EA) is a postanesthetic problem that interferes with a child’s recovery and presents a challenge in terms of assessment and management. In this prospective cohort study, weExpand
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Depth of sedation in children undergoing computed tomography: validity and reliability of the University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS).
BACKGROUND Safe care of sedated children requires ongoing assessment of the depth of sedation to permit early recognition of progression to over-sedation. This study evaluated the validity andExpand
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Risk Factors for Perioperative Adverse Respiratory Events in Children with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
Background Anesthesia for the child who presents for surgery with an upper respiratory infection (URI) presents a challenge for the anesthesiologist. The current prospective study was designed toExpand
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The revised FLACC observational pain tool: improved reliability and validity for pain assessment in children with cognitive impairment
Background:  Difficulty with pain assessment in individuals who cannot self‐report their pain poses a significant barrier to effective pain management. However, available assessment tools lackExpand
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Sedation and general anaesthesia in children undergoing MRI and CT: adverse events and outcomes.
Quality assurance data were collected prospectively for children who were sedated (n = 922) or given general anaesthesia (n = 140) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomographyExpand
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Anesthesia for the Child with an Upper Respiratory Tract Infection: Still a Dilemma?
One of the most controversial issues in pediatric anesthesia has revolved around the decision to proceed with anesthesia and surgery for the child who presents with an upper respiratory tractExpand
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The Reliability and Validity of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability Observational Tool as a Measure of Pain in Children with Cognitive Impairment
Pain assessment remains difficult in children with cognitive impairment (CI). In this study, we evaluated the validity and reliability of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) tool forExpand
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Low-dose ketorolac improves analgesia and reduces morphine requirements following posterior spinal fusion in adolescents
PurposeTo determine if low-dose ketorolac would improve analgesia while minimizing unwanted side effects in adolescents following posterior spinal fusion (PSF).MethodsA prospective randomizedExpand
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Postoperative Apnea in Former Preterm Infants after Inguinal Herniorrhaphy: A Combined Analysis
Background Controversy exists as to the risk for postoperative apnea in former preterm infants. The conclusions of published studies are limited by the small number of patients. Methods The originalExpand
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