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The FLACC: a behavioral scale for scoring postoperative pain in young children.
PURPOSE To evaluate the reliability and validity of the FLACC Pain Assessment Tool which incorporates five categories of pain behaviors: facial expression; leg movement; activity; cry; and… Expand
A Prospective Cohort Study of Emergence Agitation in the Pediatric Postanesthesia Care Unit
Emergence agitation (EA) is a postanesthetic problem that interferes with a child’s recovery and presents a challenge in terms of assessment and management. In this prospective cohort study, we… Expand
Depth of sedation in children undergoing computed tomography: validity and reliability of the University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS).
- S. Malviya, T. Voepel-Lewis, A. Tait, S. Merkel, K. Tremper, N. Naughton
- British journal of anaesthesia
- 1 February 2002
BACKGROUND Safe care of sedated children requires ongoing assessment of the depth of sedation to permit early recognition of progression to over-sedation. This study evaluated the validity and… Expand
Risk Factors for Perioperative Adverse Respiratory Events in Children with Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
- Alan R. Tait, S. Malviya, T. Voepel-Lewis, H. Munro, Monica Siewert, U. Pandit
- 1 August 2001
Background Anesthesia for the child who presents for surgery with an upper respiratory infection (URI) presents a challenge for the anesthesiologist. The current prospective study was designed to… Expand
The revised FLACC observational pain tool: improved reliability and validity for pain assessment in children with cognitive impairment
Background: Difficulty with pain assessment in individuals who cannot self‐report their pain poses a significant barrier to effective pain management. However, available assessment tools lack… Expand
Sedation and general anaesthesia in children undergoing MRI and CT: adverse events and outcomes.
- S. Malviya, T. Voepel-Lewis, O. P. Eldevik, D. Rockwell, J. H. Wong, A. Tait
- British journal of anaesthesia
- 1 June 2000
Quality assurance data were collected prospectively for children who were sedated (n = 922) or given general anaesthesia (n = 140) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography… Expand
Anesthesia for the Child with an Upper Respiratory Tract Infection: Still a Dilemma?
One of the most controversial issues in pediatric anesthesia has revolved around the decision to proceed with anesthesia and surgery for the child who presents with an upper respiratory tract… Expand
The Reliability and Validity of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability Observational Tool as a Measure of Pain in Children with Cognitive Impairment
- T. Voepel-Lewis, S. Merkel, A. Tait, Agnieszka Trzcinka, S. Malviya
- Anesthesia and analgesia
- 1 November 2002
Pain assessment remains difficult in children with cognitive impairment (CI). In this study, we evaluated the validity and reliability of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) tool for… Expand
Low-dose ketorolac improves analgesia and reduces morphine requirements following posterior spinal fusion in adolescents
- H. Munro, S. R. Walton, +4 authors F. Farley
- Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal…
- 1 May 2002
PurposeTo determine if low-dose ketorolac would improve analgesia while minimizing unwanted side effects in adolescents following posterior spinal fusion (PSF).MethodsA prospective randomized… Expand
Postoperative Apnea in Former Preterm Infants after Inguinal Herniorrhaphy: A Combined Analysis
Background Controversy exists as to the risk for postoperative apnea in former preterm infants. The conclusions of published studies are limited by the small number of patients. Methods The original… Expand