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Global patterns of diversification in the history of modern amphibians
The fossil record of modern amphibians (frogs, salamanders, and caecilians) provides no evidence for major extinction or radiation episodes throughout most of the Mesozoic and early Tertiary.Expand
Gradual Adaptation Toward a Range-Expansion Phenotype Initiated the Global Radiation of Toads
Evolutionary Hops In order for animals to colonize new environments and disperse, specific traits may be required. Toads form a large and ecologically diverse group and have achieved extremely wideExpand
Toad radiation reveals into-India dispersal as a source of endemism in the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot
BackgroundHigh taxonomic level endemism in the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot has been typically attributed to the subcontinent's geological history of long-term isolation. SubsequentExpand
Refuge use by fish as a function of body length–related metabolic expenditure and predation risks
Theory predicts that staying in a refuge has benefits in terms of predator avoidance and costs in terms of lost feeding opportunities. In this study, we investigated how the relative importance ofExpand
The biological importance of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Kenya
Abstract The Eastern Arc Mountains are renown in Africa for high concentrations of endemic species of animals and plants. Thirteen separate mountain blocks comprise the Eastern Arc, supporting aroundExpand
Molecular phylogeny of microhylid frogs (Anura: Microhylidae) with emphasis on relationships among New World genera
BackgroundOver the last ten years we have seen great efforts focused on revising amphibian systematics. Phylogenetic reconstructions derived from DNA sequence data have played a central role in theseExpand
Life-history evolution and mitogenomic phylogeny of caecilian amphibians.
We analyze mitochondrial genomes to reconstruct a robust phylogenetic framework for caecilian amphibians and use this to investigate life-history evolution within the group. Our study comprises 45Expand
A molecular phylogeny of ichthyophiid caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae): out of India or out of South East Asia?
Recent molecular phylogenetic studies indicate that the rafting Indian plate harboured several isolated vertebrate lineages between ca. 130 and 56 Myr ago that dispersed and diversified ‘out of Indi’Expand
Relative time scales reveal multiple origins of parallel disjunct distributions of African caecilian amphibians
Parallel patterns of distribution in different lineages suggest a common cause. Explanations in terms of a single biogeographic event often imply contemporaneous diversifications. Phylogenies withExpand
Two new endemic genera and a new species of toad (Anura: Bufonidae) from the Western Ghats of India
BackgroundBufonidae are a large family of toads with a subcosmopolitan distribution. Recent molecular phylogenetic analyses have revealed a radiation of toads (Adenominae) with distinct adult andExpand