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Fear-avoidance and its consequences in chronic musculoskeletal pain: a state of the art
&NA; In an attempt to explain how and why some individuals with musculoskeletal pain develop a chronic pain syndrome, Lethem et al.(Lethem J, Slade PD, Troup JDG, Bentley G. Outline of fear‐avoidanceExpand
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The Fear-Avoidance Model of Musculoskeletal Pain: Current State of Scientific Evidence
Research studies focusing on the fear-avoidance model have expanded considerably since the review by Vlaeyen and Linton (Vlaeyen J. W. S. & Linton, S. J. (2000). Fear-avoidance and its consequencesExpand
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A review of psychological risk factors in back and neck pain.
STUDY DESIGN The literature on psychological factors in neck and back pain was systematically searched and reviewed. OBJECTIVES To summarize current knowledge concerning the role of psychologicalExpand
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Behavioural treatment for chronic low-back pain.
BACKGROUND Behavioural treatment, commonly used in the treatment of chronic low-back pain (CLBP), is primarily focused at reducing disability through the modification of environmental contingenciesExpand
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Early Identification of Patients at Risk of Developing a Persistent Back Problem: The Predictive Validity of The Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire
ObjectiveTo test the predictive utility of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire in identifying patients at risk for developing persistent back pain problems. DesignProspective,Expand
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Fear-avoidance model of chronic musculoskeletal pain: 12 years on
It is widely acknowledged that pain is a universal experience that affects human beings across the life span, serving an important protective function. Typical protective behaviors are the withdrawalExpand
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Impact of Psychological Factors in the Experience of Pain
This article reviews the role of psychological factors in the development of persistent pain and disability, with a focus on how basic psychological processes have been incorporated into theoreticalExpand
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Development of a Short Form of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire
Study Design. A longitudinal design where the questionnaire was completed at a pretest and predictive ability evaluated with a 1-year follow-up. A second sample was employed to provide a replication.Expand
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Occupational Psychological Factors Increase the Risk for Back Pain: A Systematic Review
  • S. Linton
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
  • 1 March 2001
The purpose of this review was to summarize current knowledge concerning the role of psychological workplace variables in back pain. To this end the literature on psychological factors and back painExpand
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Early Identification and Management of Psychological Risk Factors (“Yellow Flags”) in Patients With Low Back Pain: A Reappraisal
Originally the term “yellow flags” was used to describe psychosocial prognostic factors for the development of disability following the onset of musculoskeletal pain. The identification of yellowExpand
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