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Psychobiotics and the Manipulation of Bacteria–Gut–Brain Signals
Psychobiotics were previously defined as live bacteria (probiotics) which, when ingested, confer mental health benefits through interactions with commensal gut bacteria. We expand this definition toExpand
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Coffee, tea and caffeine intake and the risk of severe depression in middle-aged Finnish men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study.
OBJECTIVE Only a few cross-sectional studies have assessed the association between coffee, tea and caffeine and the risk of depression. Our aim was to determine the association in a population-basedExpand
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Fear of childbirth in nulliparous and multiparous women: a population‐based analysis of all singleton births in Finland in 1997–2010
To identify risk factors for fear of childbirth (FOC) according to parity and socioeconomic status, and to evaluate associations between FOC and adverse perinatal outcomes.
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Fear of childbirth predicts postpartum depression: a population-based analysis of 511 422 singleton births in Finland
Objectives To study how reproductive risks and perinatal outcomes are associated with postpartum depression treated in specialised healthcare defined according to the International Classification ofExpand
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Alexithymia Is Associated With Increased Cardiovascular Mortality in Middle-Aged Finnish Men
Objective: To explore the associations between alexithymia and increased somatic morbidity. The mechanisms underlying these associations, however, are still unclear. Furthermore, data on theExpand
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Changes in midbrain serotonin transporter availability in atypically depressed subjects after oneyear of psychotherapy
BACKGROUND Psychotherapy is an effective treatment method for depression, but no differences in the psychotherapy response have been found between the subtypes of depression. The effect ofExpand
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Serum chemokine levels in major depressive disorder
OBJECTIVE To examine the role of chemokines of two major chemokine families, CC and CXC, in major depressive disorder (MDD) in a population-based sample. METHOD The serum levels of CC chemokinesExpand
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Low HDL cholesterol associates with major depression in a sample with a 7-year history of depressive symptoms
Long-term depression may increase the risk for adverse coronary events. Low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) have in particular been suggested to underlie this connection. AExpand
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Dietary magnesium intake and the incidence of depression: A 20-year follow-up study.
BACKGROUND Depression is a major global public health concern. The aetiology of depression is partly unclear; however, intake of nutrients, such as magnesium, have been suggested to affect depressiveExpand
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Stability of alexithymia in the general population: an 11-year follow-up.
OBJECTIVES There is an ongoing debate concerning the temporal stability of alexithymia. Most previous studies have been conducted on clinical populations of psychiatric and somatic patients. However,Expand
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