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EFFECTS OF BIODIVERSITY ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING: A CONSENSUS OF CURRENT KNOWLEDGE
TLDR
Understanding this complexity, while taking strong steps to minimize current losses of species, is necessary for responsible management of Earth's ecosystems and the diverse biota they contain. Expand
A handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide
TLDR
This paper provides an international methodological protocol aimed at standardising this research effort, based on consensus among a broad group of scientists in this field, and features a practical handbook with step-by-step recipes, for 28 functional traits recognised as critical for tackling large-scale ecological questions. Expand
Predicting changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning from plant traits: revisiting the Holy Grail
TLDR
A framework using concepts and results from community ecology, ecosystem ecology and evolutionary biology to provide a linkage between traits associated with the response of plants to environmental factors and traits that determine effects of plants on ecosystem functions is presented. Expand
Consequences of changing biodiversity
TLDR
The large ecological and societal consequences of changing biodiversity should be minimized to preserve options for future solutions to global environmental problems. Expand
Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe.
TLDR
Risks of extinction for European plants may be large, even in moderate scenarios of climate change and despite inter-model variability, according to application of International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List criteria. Expand
New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide
TLDR
This new handbook has a better balance between whole-plant traits, leaf traits, root and stem traits and regenerative traits, and puts particular emphasis on traits important for predicting species’ effects on key ecosystem properties. Expand
Mechanisms underlying the impacts of exotic plant invasions
TLDR
It is found that, while numerous studies have examined the impacts of invasions on plant diversity and composition, less than 5% test whether these effects arise through competition, allelopathy, alteration of ecosystem variables or other processes. Expand
TRY – a global database of plant traits
TLDR
The improved availability of plant trait data in the unified global database is expected to support a paradigm shift from species to trait-based ecology, offer new opportunities for synthetic plant trait research and enable a more realistic and empirically grounded representation of terrestrial vegetation in Earth system models. Expand
Incorporating plant functional diversity effects in ecosystem service assessments
TLDR
A systematic way for progressing in understanding how land cover change affects these ecosystem properties through functional diversity modifications is proposed and contributes to opening a new area of research at the interface of land change science and fundamental ecology. Expand
The IPBES Conceptual Framework - connecting nature and people
The first public product of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is its Conceptual Framework. This conceptual and analytical tool, presented here in detail,Expand
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